Abstract

The axial position of a laser-trapped particle has been controlled by modification of the wave front by means of a membrane deformable mirror. The mirror gives wave-front modulation in terms of Zernike polynomials. By modulation of the Zernike defocus term we can modulate the particle position under conditions of laser trapping. A polystyrene particle of 1-µm diameter was moved along the optical axis direction for a distance of 2370 nm in minimum steps of 55.4 nm. We also demonstrated particle oscillation along the optical axis by changing the focal position in a sinusoidal manner. From the frequency dependency of the amplitude of particle oscillation we determined the spring constant as 91.7 nN/m.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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