Abstract

We report a high-repetition-rate (1–10-kHz) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on noncritically phase-matched ZnGeP2 (ZGP). The pump source was an OPO based on periodically pole lithium niobate that was pumped in turn by a Q-switched diode-pumped 1-µm Nd:YAG laser. The ZGP OPO yielded continuously tunable output from 3.7 to 10.2 µm by tuning of the pump wavelength from 2.3 to 3.7 µm. At the optimal pump focusing, the minimum ZGP OPO threshold achieved was 2 µJ, which is to our knowledge the lowest ever reported for a singly resonant OPO. The output energy in the 68-µm range was >20 µJ, and the quantum efficiency of converting 1-µm radiation to the mid IR exceeded 10%.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.
  2. E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.
  3. R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.
  4. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, Opt. Lett. 22, 597 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. L. Vodopyanov, F. Ganikhanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, Opt. Lett. 25, 841 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. L. Vodopyanov, Laser Focus World 37, 225 (2001).
  7. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.
  8. W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.
  9. P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method for growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).
  10. P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, MRS Bull. 23(7), 23 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. E. Zelmon, E. A. Hanning, and P. G. Schunemann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1307 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, MRS Bull. 23(7), 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Allik, T. H.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, Opt. Lett. 22, 597 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Berg, J.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Bosenberg, W.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

Byer, R. L.

Carrig, T. J.

W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.

Chandra, S.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, Opt. Lett. 22, 597 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Cheung, E.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Chia, L. C. L.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Ganikhanov, F.

Hanning, E. A.

Hilyard, R.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Ho, J.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Hoefer, C.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Hutchinson, J. A.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, Opt. Lett. 22, 597 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Injeyan, H.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Ketteridge, P. A.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Kim, Y. L.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Komine, H.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Lai, K. S.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Lau, W. E.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Lee, I.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Lemons, M. L.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

Maffetone, J. P.

Myers, L. E.

Palese, S.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, MRS Bull. 23(7), 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method for growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

Pomeranz, L. A.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

Rines, D. M.

Ruderman, W.

Scharpf, W. J.

W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.

Schunemann, P. G.

D. E. Zelmon, E. A. Hanning, and P. G. Schunemann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, MRS Bull. 23(7), 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, Opt. Lett. 22, 597 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method for growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

Schunemnn, P. G.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

Utano, R.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wagner, G. J.

W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.

Wong, H. F.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Wu, R.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

Zelmon, D. E.

Zwieback, I.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Focus World (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, Laser Focus World 37, 225 (2001).

MRS Bull. (1)

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, MRS Bull. 23(7), 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (6)

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, P. G. Schunemnn, P. A. Ketteridge, I. Lee, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and J. A. Hutchinson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 105.

W. S. Pelouch, G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, and W. J. Scharpf, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 670.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method for growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 90.

E. Cheung, S. Palese, H. Injeyan, C. Hoefer, J. Ho, R. Hilyard, H. Komine, J. Berg, and W. Bosenberg, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 514.

R. Wu, K. S. Lai, W. E. Lau, H. F. Wong, Y. L. Kim, and L. C. L. Chia, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 154.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the widely tunable NCPM ZGP OPO: M1M4, OPO mirrors; L’s, infrared focusing lenses; other abbreviations defined in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NCPM ZGP tuning curves with respect to the pump wavelength. Insets, long-wave absorption for PPLN (e-polarized wave) and ZGP (o-polarized wave).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ZGP OPO idler λ=6.6 µm energy curves at 3.1-µm pump for two ZGP crystal lengths: L=24, 38 mm. Inset, beam’s far-field intensity distribution.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

ZGP OPO output energy curve in the minimum threshold configuration.

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