Abstract

We discuss the creation of an array of 9×9 photorefractive spatial screening solitons in a strontium barium niobate crystal. We investigate the waveguide properties of each channel with a beam of different wavelength and find that the waveguides guide the probe beam independently. A supplementary beam is used to influence the paths of the array solitons and to effectively combine two channels by use of mutual attraction of solitons. To our knowledge this is the first all-optical control of an array of photorefractive solitons. Furthermore, we show that in principle image procession is possible with parallel propagation of photorefractive solitons.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. P. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3091 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 55 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Bramati, W. Chinaglia, S. Minardi, and P. Di Trapani, Opt. Lett. 26, 1409 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Petter, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1145 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Stepken, F. Kaiser, and M. R. Belic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 68 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Królikowski and S. Holstrom, Opt. Lett. 22, 369 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

A. Bramati, W. Chinaglia, S. Minardi, and P. Di Trapani, Opt. Lett. 26, 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1992 (1)

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahles, M.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Belic, M. R.

A. Stepken, F. Kaiser, and M. R. Belic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

Chen, Z.

Chinaglia, W.

Christodoulides, D. N.

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Coskun, T. H.

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Crosignani, B.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DelRe, E.

Denz, C.

J. Petter, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

Feigelson, R.

Fischer, B.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geisser, M.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holstrom, S.

Kaiser, F.

J. Petter, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Stepken, F. Kaiser, and M. R. Belic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Królikowski, W.

Lan, S.

Lee, H.

Luther-Davies, B.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, G.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, S.

Mitchell, M.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. P. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ostrovskaya, E. A.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petter, J.

J. Petter, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saffman, M.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sears, S.

M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. P. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, M.

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stepken, A.

J. Petter, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Stepken, F. Kaiser, and M. R. Belic, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 68 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weilnau, C.

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wilde, J. P.

Yariv, A.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Weilnau, W. Krolikowski, E. A. Ostrovskaya, M. Ahles, M. Geisser, G. McCarthy, C. Denz, Y. S. Kivshar, and B. Luther-Davies, Appl. Phys. B 72, 723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

C. Denz, W. Krolikowski, J. Petter, C. Weilnau, T. Tschudi, M. R. Belic, F. Kaiser, and A. Stepken, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6222 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljaĉić, S. Sears, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4851 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

W. Krolikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepken, M. Saffman, and B. Luther-Davies, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 823 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for the creation, probing, and control of an array of photorefractive screening solitons. SLM, spatial light modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Realization of a 9×9 waveguide array induced by photorefractive solitons: (a) front face of the crystal where the spot array is imaged, (b) interference pattern that is due to linear propagation of the 81 beams, (c) array of 81 focused solitons.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Creation and probing of a waveguide array induced by photorefractive solitons: (a) focused soltions as seen at the back face of the crystal, (b), (c) waveguide array probed by the He–Ne beam directly after writing and after the crystal was kept in the dark for 15 h, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical control of a soliton array: (a) uncontrolled soliton array, (b) controlled array probed by a read beam, (c), (d) probe beam coupled into the central and the lower middle channel of the controlled array, respectively. The probe beam leaves the crystal at the same position. The dashed lines are a guide for the eye.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Image processing with photorefractive solitons: (a) spot pattern at the front face of the crystal, (b) diffraction pattern of the beams at the back face of the crystal, (c) reconstruction of the image with focused soliton beams.

Metrics