Abstract

We demonstrate an 104 increase in conversion efficiency for optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a periodically nanostructured metal structure consisting of a single subwavelength aperture in a thin silver film surrounded by a set of concentric surface grooves. The forward-transmitted second-harmonic radiation from this structure is measured relative to that from an identical aperture with no surrounding surface periodicity. We explain the observed SHG enhancement quantitatively in terms of a measured 120× increase in the strength of the fundamental radiation in the vicinity of the aperture resulting from the periodic nanostructuring.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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