Abstract

We demonstrate an 104 increase in conversion efficiency for optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a periodically nanostructured metal structure consisting of a single subwavelength aperture in a thin silver film surrounded by a set of concentric surface grooves. The forward-transmitted second-harmonic radiation from this structure is measured relative to that from an identical aperture with no surrounding surface periodicity. We explain the observed SHG enhancement quantitatively in terms of a measured 120× increase in the strength of the fundamental radiation in the vicinity of the aperture resulting from the periodic nanostructuring.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. M. J. Treacy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 606 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, Phy. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), and references therein.
  10. T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath and G. I. Stegeman, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), and references therein.
  11. T. Y. F. Tsang, Opt. Lett. 21, 245 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Sarid, R. T. Deck, A. E. Craig, R. K. Hickernell, R. S. Jameson, and J. J. Fasano, Appl. Opt. 21, 3993 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Kawazoe, T. Shimizu, and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 26, 1687 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

2002

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, Phy. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Kawazoe, T. Shimizu, and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 26, 1687 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. M. J. Treacy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 606 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1982

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1965

F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Brown, F.

F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Q.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, Phy. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Craig, A. E.

Deck, R. T.

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fasano, J. J.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, T. F.

T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath and G. I. Stegeman, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), and references therein.

Hickernell, R. K.

Jameson, R. S.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kawazoe, T.

Lalanne, P.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, Phy. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

Martin-Moreno, L.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

Parks, R. E.

F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), and references therein.

Sarid, D.

Shimizu, T.

Sleeper, A. M.

F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Lett. 26, 1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Treacy, M. M. J.

M. M. J. Treacy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 606 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T. Y. F.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, Adv. Mater. 11, 860 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. M. J. Treacy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 606 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phy. Rev. Lett.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, Phy. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 83, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Brown, R. E. Parks, and A. M. Sleeper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 1029 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), and references therein.

T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath and G. I. Stegeman, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), and references therein.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the SHG experiments. An electron micrograph of the bull’s-eye structure is also shown. The total diameter of the structure is 15 µm. PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Zero-order transmission for the bull’s-eye structure and the bare aperture with normal-incidence optical illumination. The traces correspond to measurements obtained with a white-light source, and the filled symbols correspond to measurements obtained with a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength dependence of the optical SHG for the bull’s-eye structure illuminated at normal incidence. The filled circles correspond to the observed SH intensity. The solid curve corresponds to the normalized square of the linear transmission spectrum of the bull’s-eye structure from Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SH intensity dependence versus fundamental intensity for both the bull’s-eye structure and the bare aperture.

Metrics