Abstract

The photorefractive effect in a nominally undoped 0.91PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3–0.09PbTiO3 single crystal is measured. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first observation of the photorefractive effect in Pb-based relaxor ferroelectric crystals. The crystal is grown by the flux solution method. Then it is cut into a 2 mm×4 mm×8 mm piece and electrically poled along the [111] direction. The coupling constant of the two-wave mixing is 17 cm-1, and the normalized time constant under 1-W/cm2 illumination is 12 s at a wavelength of 476 nm. The effective trap density is calculated as 5×1016 cm-3 from the Debye screening length under the assumption of Kukhtarev’s band-transport model. The dominant carrier is identified to be holes from the direction of two-wave mixing energy transfer.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2001 (1)

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1987 (1)

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.-Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cory, W. K.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gentil, S.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

Harada, K.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. H.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata, J.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.-F.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. L.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mathey, P.

Nemet, B.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, S.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-E.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

Rivera, J.-P.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robert, G.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

Saitoh, S.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Setter, N.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shrout, T. R.

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thaxter, J. B.

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tissot, P.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uchino, K.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. L.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, Y.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993), Chap. 3.

Zgonik, M.

Zhang, Q.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. M.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (2)

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993), Chap. 3.

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