Abstract

The photorefractive effect in a nominally undoped 0.91PbZn1/3Nb2/3O30.09PbTiO3 single crystal is measured. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first observation of the photorefractive effect in Pb-based relaxor ferroelectric crystals. The crystal is grown by the flux solution method. Then it is cut into a 2 mm×4 mm×8 mm piece and electrically poled along the [111] direction. The coupling constant of the two-wave mixing is 17 cm-1, and the normalized time constant under 1-W/cm2 illumination is 12 s at a wavelength of 476 nm. The effective trap density is calculated as 5×1016 cm-3 from the Debye screening length under the assumption of Kukhtarev’s band-transport model. The dominant carrier is identified to be holes from the direction of two-wave mixing energy transfer.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2001

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991

1987

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.-Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cory, W. K.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gentil, S.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

Harada, K.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. H.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata, J.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.-F.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. L.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mathey, P.

Nemet, B.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, S.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-E.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

Rivera, J.-P.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robert, G.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

Saitoh, S.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Setter, N.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shrout, T. R.

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thaxter, J. B.

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tissot, P.

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uchino, K.

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. L.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, Y.

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993), Chap. 3.

Zgonik, M.

Zhang, Q.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. M.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. H. Jin, B. Nemet, Y. L. Lu, C. Hsu, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. L. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3116 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Barad, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, and Q. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1247 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Thaxter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 210 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics

Y. Yamashita, K. Harada, and S. Saitoh, Ferroelectrics 219, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Ferroelectrics 37, 579 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S.-E. Park and T. R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Ewbank, R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, and J. Feinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, Y. Barad, and Q. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, S.-E. Park, S.-F. Liu, and Q. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 141 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Gentil, G. Robert, N. Setter, P. Tissot, and J.-P. Rivera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993), Chap. 3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmissivity of the sample after poling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal behavior of the output signal in two-wave mixing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grating formation rates as a function of the intensity of light. Filled diamonds, triangles, and circles are data at wavelengths of 476, 515, and 633 nm, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Coupling constants of two-wave mixing at three wavelengths as a function of grating period. Filled diamonds, triangles, and circles are data at wavelengths of 476, 515, and 633 nm, respectively. Solid curves are fitted by theory from Kukhtarev’s band transport model.

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