Abstract

Passive Q switching of a two-frequency Er3+Yb3+:glass laser at 1.55 µm with a new Co2+:LaxSr1-xMgx-yCoyAl12-xO19 crystal as a saturable absorber is demonstrated. We show that, with an extended cavity setup, the beat frequency between the orthogonally polarized laser eigenstates is continuously tunable by adjustment of the retardance of an intracavity birefringence. A similarly built microchip laser emits two-frequency pulses of 6-ns duration with a beat frequency of as much as 19 GHz. Moreover, two-frequency pulses at 777 nm are obtained by second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal. Such pulses can be useful for applications such as Doppler lidar radar.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

L. Morvan, N. D. Lai, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Appl. Opt. 41, 5702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (6)

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorgé, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, and Y. Guyot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Opt. 38, 6343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Molva, Opt. Mater. 11, 289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

V. Delacarte, J. Théry, and D. Vivien, J. Lumin. 62, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1970 (1)

A. Kastler, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris B 271, 999 (1970).

1965 (1)

Alablanche, S.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Alouini, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Benazet, B.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, Opt. Lett. 20, 339 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Bretenaker, F.

L. Morvan, N. D. Lai, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Appl. Opt. 41, 5702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Emile, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 21, 1706 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Brunel, M.

L. Morvan, N. D. Lai, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Appl. Opt. 41, 5702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Camargo, M. B.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, Opt. Lett. 20, 339 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Collongues, R.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Delacarte, V.

V. Delacarte, J. Théry, and D. Vivien, J. Lumin. 62, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Demchuk, M. I.

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchuk, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

Denker, B.

Di Bin, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Emile, O.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Emile, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 21, 1706 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Evtuhov, V.

Ferrand, B.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorgé, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, and Y. Guyot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 150.

Fishkin, J. B.

Fromager, M.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fulbert, L.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B. I.

Girard, S.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gratton, E.

Guyot, Y.

Huignard, J.-P.

Karlsson, G.

Kastler, A.

A. Kastler, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris B 271, 999 (1970).

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchuk, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lai, N. D.

L. Morvan, N. D. Lai, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Appl. Opt. 41, 5702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Le Floch, A.

L. Morvan, N. D. Lai, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Appl. Opt. 41, 5702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Emile, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 21, 1706 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Leduc, M.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Lee, S.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Levchenko, V. I.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marty, J.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

Minvielle, A.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Molva, E.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Molva, Opt. Mater. 11, 289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 150.

Moncorgé, R.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorgé, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, and Y. Guyot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

Osiko, V. V.

Pasiskevicius, V.

Podlipensky, A. V.

Posnov, N. N.

Romero, R.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Shchervitsky, V. G.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Stultz, R. D.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, and M. Birnbaum, Opt. Lett. 20, 339 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S.

Taccheo, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, Opt. Mater. 11, 269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tellefsen, J. A.

Théry, J.

V. Delacarte, J. Théry, and D. Vivien, J. Lumin. 62, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Thony, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 150.

Unlu, F.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, and R. D. Stultz, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 148.

Vallet, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, L. Fulbert, J. Marty, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4052 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, N. D. Lai, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, O. Emile, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 390.

Vivien, D.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorgé, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, and Y. Guyot, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Delacarte, J. Théry, and D. Vivien, J. Lumin. 62, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Wyon, C.

S. Alablanche, R. Collongues, J. Théry, D. Vivien, A. Minvielle, M. Leduc, R. Romero, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 231.

Yakimovich, V. N.

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K. V.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. G. Shchervitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchuk, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris B (1)

A. Kastler, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris B 271, 999 (1970).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. Delacarte, J. Théry, and D. Vivien, J. Lumin. 62, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the passively Q-switched laser: Er–Yb:glass, active medium; Co:ASL, saturable absorber; QWP1, QWP2, quarter-wave plates; M1, dichroic input mirror; M2, output coupling mirror; L, cavity length. Inset, absorption spectrum of Co:ASL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results obtained with the 50-mm-long cavity. (a) Train of pulses showing a 2-kHz repetition rate when the laser is pumped with 480 mW of power. (b) Recording of a single pulse when ρ=5°, exhibiting a beat note at Δν=160 MHz. (c) Beat frequency Δν between the two orthogonal eigenstates versus ρ. (d) Recording of a pulse at 777 nm obtained by extracavity doubling of the pulses shown in (b) in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal with a grating period of 19 µm. The intensity modulation frequency is also 160 MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results obtained with the microchip cavity. (a) Zoom on one pulse, showing 6-ns duration. (b) Corresponding optical spectrum, showing the two orthogonal eigenstates separated by 0.15 nm Δν=19 GHz. Resolution bandwidth of the optical spectrum analyzer, 0.07 nm.

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