Abstract

Bistability is reported in sensitized Er3+ luminescence driven by an Yb3+ transition that previously revealed an Yb3+ luminescent instability. To our knowledge this is the first report of bistable energy transfer between different rare-earth ions.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).
  3. S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985), Chap. 3.
  6. S. M. Redmond and S. C. Rand, Digest of Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ThJ4.
  7. A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).
  9. M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Ph. Goldner and F. Pelle, J. Lumin. 60&61, 651 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).
  13. Other thermally mediated, double-transition pathways of Er such as I415/22→I411/22′ and I411/25→F47/20′ involve transitions that are mutually detuned by 6 cm-1 or more.

2001 (1)

M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).

1999 (1)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

1994 (2)

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ph. Goldner and F. Pelle, J. Lumin. 60&61, 651 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cockroft, N. J.

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

Florea, C. M.

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gamelin, D. R.

D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985), Chap. 3.

Goldner, Ph.

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Goldner and F. Pelle, J. Lumin. 60&61, 651 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gudel, H. U.

D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunde, K. E.

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

Hehlen, M. P.

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuditcher, A.

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, B. D.

M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, S. R.

D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meichenin, D.

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelle, F.

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Goldner and F. Pelle, J. Lumin. 60&61, 651 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Quagliano, J. R.

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

Rai, J.

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rai, S.

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rand, S. C.

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Redmond and S. C. Rand, Digest of Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ThJ4.

Redmond, S. M.

S. M. Redmond and S. C. Rand, Digest of Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ThJ4.

Richardson, F. S.

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

Riedener, T.

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shu, Q.

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vondrova, M.

M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winick, K. W.

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, and S. C. Rand, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232 (1996).

J. R. Quagliano, N. J. Cockroft, K. E. Gunde, and F. S. Richardson, J. Chem. Phys. 105, 9812 (1996).

J. Lumin. (3)

Ph. Goldner and F. Pelle, J. Lumin. 60&61, 651 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, D. Meichenin, and F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 71, 137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Luthi, M. P. Hehlen, T. Riedener, and H. U. Gudel, J. Lumin. 76&77, 447 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, and H. U. Gudel, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 11045 (2000).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. A. Noginov, M. Vondrova, and B. D. Lucas, Phys. Rev. B 65, 035112 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuditcher, M. P. Hehlen, C. M. Florea, K. W. Winick, and S. C. Rand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1898 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and S. R. Luthi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3050 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985), Chap. 3.

S. M. Redmond and S. C. Rand, Digest of Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ThJ4.

Other thermally mediated, double-transition pathways of Er such as I415/22→I411/22′ and I411/25→F47/20′ involve transitions that are mutually detuned by 6 cm-1 or more.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Emission spectra of Er,Yb:CsCdBr3 at input powers of 170 mW (dotted curve, magnified by 1.7) and 185 mW (solid curve) with λex=10602 cm-1. Inset, enlarged for 485–520 nm. Asterisks denote Er transitions. Almost all features in the 495–520-nm range are Yb cooperative pair transitions. (b) Luminescence intensity versus input intensity at various temperatures in Er,Yb:CsCdBr3 (λex=10602 cm-1).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Excitation spectrum of visible Er luminescence in Er,Yb:CsCdBr3 and (b) proposed sensitization mechanism via two resonant, thermally activated YbEr transfers at 10122 cm-1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal decay of Yb (circles) and Er (squares) intensities excited at λex=10602 cm-1, recorded on pair F27/2 i,jF25/2 i,j and single-ion F47/2 0I415/2 2 transitions at 505.1 and 493.2 nm, respectively, in CsCdBr3 (bottom and left-hand scales), together with Er upconversion dependence on input intensity (triangles, top and right-hand scales). Pair indices at 505.1 nm are 1,00,3, 1,03,0, and 2,03,3.

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