Abstract

Strongly enhanced second-harmonic generation is observed from a two-dimensional square lattice GaAs/AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguide when the fundamental beam, the second-harmonic beam, or both beams resonantly couple to a leaky eigenmode. P-polarized second-harmonic spectra are obtained for s-polarized, 150-fs pump pulses that are tuned from 5000 to 5600 cm-1 and directed along the ΓX direction of the crystal for various angles of incidence. Compared with off-resonant conditions, enhancements of >1200× in the second-harmonic conversion are observed for resonant coupling of both the fundamental and the second-harmonic fields to leaky eigenmodes. The angular and spectral positions of the peaks are in good agreement with simulations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals, W. Rhodes, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. E. Slusher and B. J. Eggleton, eds., Nonlinear Photonic Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Bloembergen and A. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, J. Martorell, and R. Corbalan, Opt. Lett. 20, 1746 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Cowan and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 65, 085106 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Popov and M. Neviere, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1555 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Paddon and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 61, 2090 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. E. Slusher and B. J. Eggleton, eds., Nonlinear Photonic Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Cowan and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 65, 085106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals, W. Rhodes, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Paddon and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 61, 2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1970 (1)

N. Bloembergen and A. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abram, I.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adamcyk, M.

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balakin, A.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen and A. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bushuev, V.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carusotto, L.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Corbalan, R.

J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, J. Martorell, and R. Corbalan, Opt. Lett. 20, 1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, A.

A. Cowan and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 65, 085106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dolgova, T. V.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dumeige, Y.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franciosi, A.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lantier, R.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, A.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maidykovski, A. I.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mandeville, W.

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mantsyzov, B.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marorell, J.

J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martemyanov, M. G.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martorell, J.

Mattei, G.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meriadec, C.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neviere, M.

Nicoll, C.

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ozheredov, I.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pacradouni, V.

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paddon, P.

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Paddon and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 61, 2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pellegrini, V.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, E.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

Rubini, S.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakoda, K.

K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals, W. Rhodes, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Sfigakis, F.

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shkurinov, A.

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sievers, A.

N. Bloembergen and A. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sigalas, M.

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C.

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tiedje, T.

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trull, J.

Turner, D.

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vidakovic, P.

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vilaseca, R.

J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, J. Martorell, and R. Corbalan, Opt. Lett. 20, 1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vinegoni, C.

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. A.

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

A. Cowan and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 65, 085106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Paddon and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 61, 2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

N. Bloembergen and A. Sievers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 483 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Marorell, R. Vilaseca, and R. Corbalan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 702 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Pellegrini, R. Colombelli, L. Carusotto, F. Beltram, S. Rubini, R. Lantier, A. Franciosi, C. Vinegoni, and L. Pavesi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1945 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Dolgova, A. I. Maidykovski, M. G. Martemyanov, A. A. Fedyanin, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. Marowsky, V. A. Yakovlev, and G. Mattei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. Sfigakis, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, M. Adamcyk, C. Nicoll, A. Cowan, T. Tiedje, and J. F. Young, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

A. Balakin, V. Bushuev, B. Mantsyzov, I. Ozheredov, E. Petrov, and A. Shkurinov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 046609 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

P. Paddon and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 61, 2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Sigalas, C. Soukoulis, C. Chan, and D. Turner, Phys. Rev. B 53, 8340 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Cowan and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 65, 085106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. Mandeville, A. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, Phys. Rev. B 62, 4204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Dumeige, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, P. Vidakovic, I. Abram, C. Meriadec, and A. Levenson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 043901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals, W. Rhodes, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher and B. J. Eggleton, eds., Nonlinear Photonic Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Contour plot of the theoretical SH enhancement in the GaAs PC waveguide, for s-polarized fundamental and p-polarized SH plane waves. The color scale indicates the relative conversion efficiency (in logarithmic scale) as a function of the wave number and angle. The white dashed curves correspond to the SHG associated with coupling of the SH polarization to leaky eigenmodes. The letters point to peak enhancements resulting from the double-resonance condition. Inset, sample structure and SH scattering geometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Linear reflectivity measurements (dotted curves) and calculations (solid curves) for p-polarized incident light for various θ; plots are offset for clarity. Dashed vertical curves (corresponding to the white dashed curves in Fig. 1) represent the resonant coupling of the outgoing beam to leaky eigenmodes relevant to the region of interest.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of enhanced SH from the PC waveguide for incident angles of 27°, 28°, 29°, and 30° as well as the squared intensity of the pump spectrum (at twice its wave number).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results for the enhanced SH for s-polarized fundamental and p-polarized SH fields. The color scale indicates the relative SH enhancement (in logarithmic scale) as a function of wave number and angle. The letters point to peak enhancements resulting from the double-resonance condition (see text).

Metrics