Abstract

We propose and demonstrate single- and multiple-passband fiber grating transmission filters that are remotely tunable by exploitation of the optical pump-induced thermal effects in Er/Yb-codoped fiber sections. A repeatable, wavelength-independent induced phase shift of 0.1π/mW is obtained without hysteresis and anisotropic effects. A transmission extinction ratio of >23 dB with a 3-mW change in pump power is achieved.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

M. K. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Gupta, T. Mizunami, and T. Shimomura, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 32, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alavie, A. T.

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bakhti, F.

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 32, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. K.

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Gupta, S.

S. Gupta, T. Mizunami, and T. Shimomura, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, Y.

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, A.

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iwashima, T.

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Janos, M.

M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 32, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. Y.

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maaskant, R.

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

S. Gupta, T. Mizunami, and T. Shimomura, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohn, M. M.

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pantell, R. H.

Radic, S.

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakuda, S.

Sansonetti, P.

F. Bakhti and P. Sansonetti, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1433 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 32, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shimomura, T.

S. Gupta, T. Mizunami, and T. Shimomura, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R.

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Torres, P.

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Valente, L. C. G.

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, M. G.

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 32, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Xu, A. T. Alavie, R. Maaskant, and M. M. Ohn, Electron. Lett. 32, 1918 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Iwashima, A. Inoue, M. Nishimura, and Y. Hattori, Electron. Lett. 33, 417 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. P. Agrawal and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 995 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Hu, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, and M. S. Demokan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

S. Gupta, T. Mizunami, and T. Shimomura, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, P. Torres, L. C. G. Valente, W. Margulis, and R. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for (a) the tunable fiber grating FP filter and the tunable single phase-shifted grating structure and (b) the tunable dual phase-shifted grating structure. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission profiles of the tunable single phase-shifted grating structure at 1.5- and 6-mW pump power. Inset, linear variation of induced phase shift with launched pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission profiles of the dual phase-shifted grating structure at 2- and 14-mW pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral profiles of the tunable FP multiple-passband filter at 2- and 5-mW pump power. Inset, normalized Bragg wavelength shift with temperature of a uniform FBG written into the Er/Yb fiber.

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