Abstract

Ultralow jitter pulse trains are produced from a passively mode-locked, erbium/ytterbium co-doped, planar waveguide laser by use of high-bandwidth feedback control acting on the physical cavity length and optical pump power. Synchronization of a 750-MHz, fundamentally mode-locked laser to an external clock signal yields an ultralow, root-mean-square relative timing jitter of 14.4 fs integrated from 10 Hz to the Nyquist frequency of 375 MHz.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, M. Notcutt, J. Ye, J. Chandalia, L. A. Jiang, E. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 813 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. The OPSL (Model OPSL-980–500) was commercially acquired from Coherent Telecom of Santa Clara, Calif. (This information is included to reproduce the experiment and does not represent an endorsement by NIST. Another pump laser might work as well or better.)
  7. J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.
  8. S. C. Fleming and T. J. Whitley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1113 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 1995).

2003

2002

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. C. Fleming and T. J. Whitley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Betts, G. E.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burfeindt, B.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Callicoatt, B. E.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Chandalia, J.

Cheng, J.-X.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 1995).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 1995).

De Geronimo, G.

G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, S. C.

S. C. Fleming and T. J. Whitley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hargreaves, J. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holman, K. W.

Ippen, E.

Jiang, L. A.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, M. Notcutt, J. Ye, J. Chandalia, L. A. Jiang, E. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 813 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mirin, R. P.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Murnane, M. M.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Notcutt, M.

O'Donnell, F. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E. O.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ray, K. G.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, N. A.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Schlager, J. B.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Shelton, R. K.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silverman, K. L.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Taccheo, S.

G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Twichell, J. C.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Veasey, D. L.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Wasserman, J. L.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Whitley, T. J.

S. C. Fleming and T. J. Whitley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Williamson, R. C.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

D. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, M. Notcutt, J. Ye, J. Chandalia, L. A. Jiang, E. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 813 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Younger, R. D.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

G. De Geronimo, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, Electron. Lett. 33, 1336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. C. Fleming and T. J. Whitley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O’Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1840 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, N. A. Sanford, and D. L. Veasey, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 87–88.

Phys. Rev. A

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

D. J. Jones, E. O. Potma, J.-X. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X. S. Xie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

The OPSL (Model OPSL-980–500) was commercially acquired from Coherent Telecom of Santa Clara, Calif. (This information is included to reproduce the experiment and does not represent an endorsement by NIST. Another pump laser might work as well or better.)

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for a passively MLWL and stabilization electronics. RF, radio frequency; IF, intermediate frequency; LO, local oscillator; LPF, low-pass filter; OC, output coupler; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

JSD or single-sideband phase noise and integrated rms timing jitter from 1 kHz to 100 kHz for a passively MLWL with (black) and without (gray) high-bandwidth feedback acting on pump current.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

JSD or single-sideband phase noise (line) and rms jitter with high-Q spur (gray boxes) and without spur (black boxes) at 51 kHz for a passively MLWL from 10 Hz to 375 MHz, the Nyquist frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

JSD or single-sideband phase noise (10 Hz to 10 MHz) and rms timing jitter for a passively MLWL (black) and a hybrid MLLD (gray).

Equations (1)

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τjrms=fminfmaxJSD2df1/2,

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