Abstract

Population inversion of the P21/2 and S21/2 levels and continuous-wave, three-level laser oscillation at 795 nm on the D1 transition of the rubidium atom has been demonstrated. Using a titanium sapphire laser as a pump source, we obtained a slope power efficiency of 54% relative to absorbed pump power, consistent with homogeneous broadening of the rubidium pump and laser transitions. The end-pumped rubidium laser performance was well described by use of literature spectroscopic and kinetic data in a model that takes into account ground-level depletion and a pump spectral bandwidth that is substantially larger than the collisionally broadened pump transition spectral width.

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  1. P. S. Doidge, Spectrochim.Acta. Part B 50, 209 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Ch’en and M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
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  5. B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).
  6. Z. Konefal and M. Ignaciuk, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 169 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).
  8. M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).
  9. Z. Konefal, Opt. Commun. 164, 95 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. J. Beach, Opt. Commun. 123, 385 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Z. Konefal, Opt. Commun. 164, 95 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Z. Konefal and M. Ignaciuk, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 169 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Beach, Opt. Commun. 123, 385 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Doidge, Spectrochim.Acta. Part B 50, 209 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).

J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

1982 (1)

B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).

1979 (1)

E. Spellier, B. Staudenmayer, and V. Kempter, Z. Phys. A 291, 311 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

1957 (1)

S. Ch’en and M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

R. J. Beach, Opt. Commun. 123, 385 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ch'en, S.

S. Ch’en and M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, J.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cutter, K.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Czub, J.

J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dabagyan, A. A.

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

DiMercurio, L.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doidge, P. S.

P. S. Doidge, Spectrochim.Acta. Part B 50, 209 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fiutak, J.

J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B. L.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glushko, B. A.

B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).

Hollberg, L.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ignaciuk, M.

Z. Konefal and M. Ignaciuk, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 169 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kempter, V.

E. Spellier, B. Staudenmayer, and V. Kempter, Z. Phys. A 291, 311 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Konefal, Z.

Z. Konefal, Opt. Commun. 164, 95 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Konefal and M. Ignaciuk, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 169 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krause, L.

Lukin, M. D.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikaszewski, W.

J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Movsesyan, M. E.

M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).

Nikonov, D. E.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ovakimyan, T. O.

M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).

Robinson, H. G.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Satariano, J.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shmavonyan, S. V.

M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

Skidmore, J. A.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spellier, E.

E. Spellier, B. Staudenmayer, and V. Kempter, Z. Phys. A 291, 311 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Staudenmayer, B.

E. Spellier, B. Staudenmayer, and V. Kempter, Z. Phys. A 291, 311 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takeo, M.

S. Ch’en and M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Utterback, E.

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Skidmore, B. L. Freitas, J. Crawford, J. Satariano, E. Utterback, L. DiMercurio, K. Cutter, and S. Sutton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 10 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. (1)

A. A. Dabagyan, M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Ser. Fiz. 47, 1609 (1983).

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. Konefal, Opt. Commun. 164, 95 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, Opt. Commun. 123, 385 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Konefal and M. Ignaciuk, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 169 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. USSR (1)

B. A. Glushko, M. E. Movsesyan, and T. O. Ovakimyan, Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 52, 458 (1982).

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

M. E. Movsesyan, T. O. Ovakimyan, and S. V. Shmavonyan, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 285 (1986).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, V. L. Velichansky, and H. G. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. Ch’en and M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim.Acta. Part B (1)

P. S. Doidge, Spectrochim.Acta. Part B 50, 209 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. A (1)

E. Spellier, B. Staudenmayer, and V. Kempter, Z. Phys. A 291, 311 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. D (1)

J. Czub, J. Fiutak, and W. Mikaszewski, Z. Phys. D 3, 23 (1986).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy levels of atomic Rb. The solid lines denote the dipole-allowed D-line transitions involved in the laser, and the dotted line denotes the collisional mixing of the fine structure P23/2,1/2 levels that are due to the 75 Torr of ethane in the cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the atomic Rb vapor laser used in our demonstration. The overall cavity length of the laser was 19 cm for the data presented within.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output versus absorbed pump power, demonstrating a slope efficiency of 54%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output power as a function of pump detuning from the center of the D2 transition. The solid curve is an overlay of a Lorentzian profile having a 10 GHz FWHM.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Atomic Rb Vapor Laser Parameters

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