Abstract

Efficient laser performance is demonstrated with Nd:GdVO4 crystals grown by the floating zone method. With a 2-at. % Nd-doped crystal a slope efficiency of 67% is achieved with pumping at 808 nm. We also find that pumping at 879 nm with a bandwidth of 1.8 nm is practical for laser diode pumping. With this pumping level the slope efficiency reaches 78%. High-quality Nd:GdVO4 crystals are successfully grown with as much as 15-at. % Nd concentration by the floating zone method without inclusions or macroscopic defects. Homogeneity and high reproducibility of crystal growth are confirmed.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.
  9. V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Czeranowsky, C.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, M.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Huber, G.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kochurikhin, V. V.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kodaira, K.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Kutovoi, S.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Machida, H.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Meng, X.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meyen, H. P.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morita, M.

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Ogawa, T.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shimamura, K.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shonai, T.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Uda, S.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Urata, Y.

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Wada, S.

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Wang, C.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Y.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zu, B.

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, and Y. Liu, J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and H. Machida, J. Cryst. Growth 241, 159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

K. Shimamura, S. Uda, V. V. Kochurikhin, T. Taniuchi, and T. Fukuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1832 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, X. Meng, C. Du, Z. Shao, L. Zhu, B. Zu, and H. Zhang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6018 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Opt. Commun. 201, 431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

T. Ogawa, M. Morita, Y. Urata, H. Machida, T. Shonai, M. Higuchi, K. Kodaira, and S. Wada, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann and L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 299.

Phys. Rev. B

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, H. P. Meyen, and G. Huber, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

As-grown Nd:GdVO4 single crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of Nd:GdVO4 (2-at. % Nd crystal).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy structure of a Nd:GdVO4 crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power at 1063 nm versus absorbed pump power with pumping at (a) 808 nm and (b) 879 nm.

Metrics