Abstract

Interchannel cross-phase-modulation-induced polarization scattering (XPMIPS) and its effect on the performance of optical polarization mode dispersion (PMD) compensation in wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) systems are studied. The level of XPMIPS in long-haul WDM transmission systems is theoretically quantified, and its effect on optical PMD compensation is evaluated with numerical simulations. We show that in 10-Gbit/s ultra-long-haul dense WDM systems XPMIPS could reduce the PMD compensation efficiency by 50%, whereas for 40-Gbit/s systems the effect of XPMIPS is smaller.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  10. C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

2002

2000

B. C. Collings and L. Boivin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1582 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1995

Andrekson, P. A.

Arieli, Y.

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, A. E. Willner, and Y. Arieli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThA7.

Bigo, S.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Boivin, L.

B. C. Collings and L. Boivin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1582 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Möller, L. Boivin, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2000) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), p. PD1.2.

Bononi, A.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Buhl, L. L.

L. Möller, L. Boivin, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2000) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), p. PD1.2.

Chandrasekhar, S.

L. Möller, L. Boivin, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2000) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), p. PD1.2.

Collings, B. C.

B. C. Collings and L. Boivin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1582 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corbel, E.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Gordon, J. P.

Haunstein, H.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

Heismann, F.

Hunsche, S.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

Karlsson, M.

Khosravani, R.

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Lanne, S.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Menyuk, C. R.

D. Wang and C. R. Menyuk, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2520 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Möller, L.

L. Möller, L. Boivin, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2000) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), p. PD1.2.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, A. E. Willner, and Y. Arieli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThA7.

Samuelsson, R.

Song, Y. W.

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Sunnerud, H.

Thiéry, J. P.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Vannucci, A.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Wang, D.

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, A. E. Willner, and Y. Arieli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThA7.

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Xie, C.

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

Xie, Y.

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Yan, L.-S.

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Yu, Q.

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, A. E. Willner, and Y. Arieli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThA7.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. C. Collings and L. Boivin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1582 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Lett.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuO1.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

R. Khosravani, Y. Xie, L.-S. Yan, Y. W. Song, A. E. Willner, and C. R. Menyuk, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WAA5.

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, A. E. Willner, and Y. Arieli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThA7.

E. Corbel, J. P. Thiéry, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, A. Vannucci, and A. Bononi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThJ2.

Other

L. Möller, L. Boivin, S. Chandrasekhar, and L. L. Buhl, in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2000) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), p. PD1.2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Standard deviation of the angle spread in the Poincaré sphere versus distance for the central channel in WDM systems (solid lines are analytical results, the various symbols stem from simulation). (a) 10-Gbit/s dispersion-managed-soliton systems with different numbers of channels and channel spacing. α=0.5. (b) Three-channel 40-Gbit/s systems with 100-GHz channel spacing and different transmission fibers. α=0.5 for TWF and α=0.4 for SSMF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the simulation model for the effect of XPMIPS on PMD compensation systems. The polarization scattering is uniformly distributed with the maximum angle θ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PMD-induced outage probabilities versus the average DGD for systems with different polarization-scattering levels. Solid curves are PMD-compensated systems, and dashed curves are PMD-uncompensated systems. 1-dB margin, outage is defined as a bit error rate of >10-12. PS, polarization-scattering level.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Efficiency reduction of PMD compensation due to the polarization scattering. The dots are simulation results, and the solid curve represents the analytical findings. The x axis is the maximum polarization-scattering angle.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Saz,tz=89γPbz,tSaz,t×Sbz,t,
θ0=89γP0-exp-t-DΔλz2T02dz=169γPavTBDΔλ,
σθ=89γPavTBDΔλL2Lspan+DavDL1/2.
σθ=α2π9γPavTBDΔλL2Lspan+DavDL1/2.
η=cos θ+1/2,θπ0,θ>π.

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