Abstract

Gain flattening of an E-band (1360–1460-nm) fiber Raman amplifier was achieved by pump spectral broadening to a 16.3-nm linewidth by use of nonlinearity in a 6.2-km standard fiber. With the broadened pump, the characteristic Raman gain ripple was removed and the 3-dB gain bandwidth was increased by 10.6 nm relative to the nonbroadened pump case. The experimental results agreed well with a gain profile simulation. The use of a 100-m holey fiber for pump broadening was also investigated near 1.56 µm for U-band (1625–1675-nm) Raman amplifiers. Much less broadening was observed, which is believed to be a result of less four-wave mixing.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.
  6. L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002

P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aida, K.

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Champert, P. A.

P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chbat, M. W.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Chernikov, S. V.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Chestnut, D. A.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Matos, C. J. S.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Emori, Y.

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fevrier, H. A.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Grossard, N.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Henrie, J. D.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Kaminski, A.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Kawai, S.

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Koch, F.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Lewis, S. A. E.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Maillotte, H.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Puc, A. B.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Rahman, A.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Suzuki, K.-I.

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

Weaver, N. A.

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

Windeler, R. S.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 37, 883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki, S. Kawai, and K. Aida, Electron. Lett. 33, 753 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Champert, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 38, 448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky, and D. S. Starodubov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 103.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

A. B. Puc, M. W. Chbat, J. D. Henrie, N. A. Weaver, H. Kim, A. Kaminski, A. Rahman, and H. A. Fevrier, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), postdeadline paper PD39–1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configurations of (a) the gain-flattened E-band fiber Raman amplifier and (b) the spectrally broadened HF-based pump for U-band FRAs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized spectra of the nonbroadened (solid) and broadened (dotted) pumps in (a) 6.2 km of STF and (b) 100 m of HF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

In:out experimental gain spectra for the nonbroadened (triangles) and broadened (squares) pumped E-band FRAs. Circles, broadened pumped FRA simulation result.

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