Abstract

We compensated for chirp of optical pulses with an over-one-octave bandwidth (495–1090 nm; center wavelength of 655.4 nm) produced by self-phase modulation in a single argon-filled hollow fiber and generated 3.4-fs, 1.56 optical-cycle pulses (500 nJ, 1-kHz repetition rate). This was achieved with a feedback system combined with only one 4f phase compensator with a spatial light modulator and a significantly improved phase characterizer based on modified spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the shortest pulse in the visible-to-infrared region.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Baltus̆ka, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltus̆ka, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Baltus?ka, A.

A. Baltus̆ka, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, A.

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Hirasawa, M.

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karasawa, N.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Kusaka, S.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, N.

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shigekawa, H.

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suguro, A.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weiersma, D. A.

A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, K.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Hirasawa, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamamoto, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. B 74, S225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Baltus̆ka, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Weiersma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 459 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

N. Karasawa, L. Li, A. Suguro, H. Shigekawa, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1742 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

A. Cheng, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, K. Ferencz, and F. Krausz, in Ultrafast Phenomena XI (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), p. 8.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: CM1, CM2, Al-coated concave mirrors; G1, G2, Al-coated reflective gratings; PS, periscopes; L1, L2, fused-silica focusing lenses (f=50 mm); HF, Ar-filled hollow fiber; FM, flip mirrors; BS1, BS2, wedged beam splitters; FL, optical filter (cutoff of 500 nm); FRAC, fringe-resolved autocorrelator; GDD, group delay dispersion glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results of modified SPIDER measurements: (a) M-SPIDER signal, (b) replicas, (c) the SH interferogram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of feedback compensation: (i) intensity spectrum, (ii) spectral phase before compensation. Spectral phases after (iii) first and (iv) second feedbacks. (v) detail of (iv). (a) Temporal intensity before compensation, (b) intensity and (c) phase after second feedback, (d) transform-limited pulses.

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