Abstract

A 20-W all-solid-state continuous-wave single-frequency source tuned to the sodium D2a line at 589.159 nm has been developed for adaptive optical systems. This source is based on sum-frequency mixing two injection-locked Nd:YAG lasers in lithium triborate in a doubly resonant external cavity. Injection locking the Nd:YAG lasers not only ensures single-frequency operation but also allows the use of a single rf local oscillator for Pound–Drever–Hall locking both the injection–slave and the sum-frequency cavities. We observe power-conversion efficiencies in excess of 55% and a linearly polarized diffraction-limited output tunable across the sodium D2 line (589.156 to 589.160 nm) with no change in output power and with high amplitude and pointing stability.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. W. Milonni, H. Fearn, J. M. Telle, and R. Q. Fugate, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2555 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. M. Kretschmann, F. Heine, G. Huber, and T. Halldorsson, Opt. Lett. 22, 1461 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. H. Jeys, MIT Lincoln Lab J. 4, 133 (1991).
  7. J. D. Vance, C.-Y. She, and H. Moosmüller, Appl. Opt. 37, 4891 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. T. Moore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 12 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).
  10. NPRO is a registered trademark of Lightwave Electronics, Mountain View, Calif.
  11. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. F. Teehan, J. C. Bienfang, and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 39, 3076 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Direct-Coupled-Pump technology from Lightwave Electronics, Mountain View, Calif.
  14. M. P. Murdough and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 35, 5925 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

2002 (1)

G. T. Moore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Vance, C.-Y. She, and H. Moosmüller, Appl. Opt. 37, 4891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

T. H. Jeys, MIT Lincoln Lab J. 4, 133 (1991).

1986 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, M. R.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bienfang, J. C.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Teehan, J. C. Bienfang, and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 39, 3076 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. B.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Denman, C. A.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Teehan, J. C. Bienfang, and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 39, 3076 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Murdough and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 35, 5925 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, D. S.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fearn, H.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fugate, R. Q.

P. W. Milonni, H. Fearn, J. M. Telle, and R. Q. Fugate, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grime, B. W.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Halldorsson, T.

Heine, F.

Hillman, P. D.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Jeys, T. H.

T. H. Jeys, MIT Lincoln Lab J. 4, 133 (1991).

Ketterle, W.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, H. M.

Kurn, D. M.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mewes, M.-O.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milonni, P. W.

P. W. Milonni, H. Fearn, J. M. Telle, and R. Q. Fugate, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moore, G. T.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

G. T. Moore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moosmüller, H.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Murdough, M. P.

She, C.-Y.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

Teehan, R. F.

J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Teehan, J. C. Bienfang, and C. A. Denman, Appl. Opt. 39, 3076 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Telle, J. M.

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

P. W. Milonni, H. Fearn, J. M. Telle, and R. Q. Fugate, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Druten, N. J.

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vance, J. D.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. T. Moore, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 12 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

P. W. Milonni, R. Q. Fugate, and J. M. Telle, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

MIT Lincoln Lab J. (1)

T. H. Jeys, MIT Lincoln Lab J. 4, 133 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, M. R. Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D. S. Durfee, D. M. Kurn, and W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3969 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. M. Telle, P. W. Milonni, and P. D. Hillman, Proc. SPIE 3264, 37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. C. Bienfang, R. F. Teehan, and C. A. Denman, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, B. W. Grime, P. D. Hillman, G. T. Moore, and J. M. Telle, presented at the Eighteenth Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, February 2–5, 2003.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

NPRO is a registered trademark of Lightwave Electronics, Mountain View, Calif.

Direct-Coupled-Pump technology from Lightwave Electronics, Mountain View, Calif.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optics setup: Two injection-locked lasers are resonant in a bowtie SFG cavity. The same phase-modulation sidebands are used for locking both the injection–slave cavity and the SFG cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contours of equal 589-nm power as a function of incident pump (1064-nm) and signal (1319-nm) power.

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