Abstract

Unidirectional dual-wavelength pumping at 805 and 975 nm of a Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber laser that has been codoped with Yb3+ is demonstrated. With equal 2-wt. % concentrations of the Tm3+ and Yb3+ ions, slope efficiencies of 49% (57%) and 35% (40%) with respect to the launched (absorbed) pump power of the 805- and 975-nm pump wavelengths, respectively, were obtained. Efficient Yb3+Tm3+ energy transfer and efficient cross relaxation combined with minimal upconversion losses were thus operating. At the maximum output power of 18 W, the fiber laser operated at a center wavelength of 2050 nm.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. D. Jackson, “Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2μm Tm3+-doped silica fibre layers,” submitted to Opt. Commun.

2003

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and S. Mossman, Appl. Opt. 42, 2702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1971

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

R. A. Hewes and J. F. Sarver, Phys. Rev. 182, 427 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1966

F. Auzel, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 263, 819 (1966).

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 263, 819 (1966).

Barnes, N. P.

Batay, L. E.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayward, A.

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hewes, R. A.

R. A. Hewes and J. F. Sarver, Phys. Rev. 182, 427 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson and S. Mossman, Appl. Opt. 42, 2702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, Opt. Lett. 23, 1462 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, “Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2μm Tm3+-doped silica fibre layers,” submitted to Opt. Commun.

King, T. A.

Kliner, D. A. V.

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, J. P.

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuck, S.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marcos, H. M.

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mossman, S.

Nilsson, J.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ostermayer, F. W.

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sarver, J. F.

R. A. Hewes and J. F. Sarver, Phys. Rev. 182, 427 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 27, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uitert, L. G.

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

van der Ziel, J. P.

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B 75, 457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B

F. Auzel, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 263, 819 (1966).

Electron. Lett.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, Electron. Lett. 36, 711 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. D. Jackson, “Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2μm Tm3+-doped silica fibre layers,” submitted to Opt. Commun.

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

R. A. Hewes and J. F. Sarver, Phys. Rev. 182, 427 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

F. W. Ostermayer, J. P. van der Ziel, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Uitert, and J. E. Geusic, Phys. Rev. B 3, 2698 (1971).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified energy-level diagram of the Yb3+ and Tm3+ system, showing the 975- and 805-nm pump transitions, the initial Yb3+Tm3+ energy transfer process, the cross-relaxation process, and the laser transition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup of the dual-wavelength diode-pumped Yb3+,Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured output power Pout from the Yb3+,Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber laser as a function of launched pump power PL. For 975-nm pumping, L=2.2 m; for dual-wavelength pumping, L=6.3 m.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured slope efficiencies, ηs (with respect to the absorbed pump power), of a number of diode-pumped Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber lasers as a function of Tm3+ ion concentration.

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