Abstract

We present a general method for continuously measuring and compensating for offsets (due to residual amplitude modulation, parasitic resonances, or electronic offset voltages, for example) in frequency stabilization systems. The spectral power distribution of the oscillator waveform is modified by amplitude-modulated sidebands, and the error signal is corrected to null the induced periodic lock-point shifts. We demonstrate significant improvements to the frequency stability of standards based on cryogenic optical resonators and molecular iodine.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Müller, S. Herrmann, and A. Peters, German patent application 103 10 076.8 (March 6, 2003).
  2. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
  3. G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 5, 15 (1980).
  4. J. H. Shirley, Opt. Lett. 7, 537 (1982).
  5. H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).
  6. S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).
  7. R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1031 (1998).
  8. C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).
  9. P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

2003

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

2001

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

1998

1997

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

1982

1980

Bender, P. L.

P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

Bjorklund, G. C.

Braxmaier, C.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1031 (1998).

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Hall, J. L.

P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Herrmann, S.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, and A. Peters, German patent application 103 10 076.8 (March 6, 2003).

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Jäck, K.

Klipstein, W. M.

P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Mlynek, J.

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

Müller, H.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, and A. Peters, German patent application 103 10 076.8 (March 6, 2003).

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Peters, A.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, and A. Peters, German patent application 103 10 076.8 (March 6, 2003).

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

Pradl, O.

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1031 (1998).

Rouso, G.

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

Schiller, S.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1031 (1998).

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

Seel, S.

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

Shirley, J. H.

Storz, R.

R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, Opt. Lett. 23, 1031 (1998).

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 020401 (2003).

S. Seel, R. Storz, G. Rouso, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4741 (1997).

C. Braxmaier, H. Müller, O. Pradl, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 010401 (2001).

Space Sci. Rev.

P. L. Bender, J. L. Hall, and W. M. Klipstein, Space Sci. Rev. 00, 1 (2003).

Other

H. Müller, S. Herrmann, and A. Peters, German patent application 103 10 076.8 (March 6, 2003).

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