Abstract

An experimental study of a chaotic optical communication scheme using an external cavity laser diode to encode a message is reported. The message is decoded in closed- and open-loop receiver schemes. Both schemes show effective decoding of a 1-GHz message. The synchronization and effectiveness of encoding are compared in both schemes.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. M. Cuomo and A. V. Oppenheim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3547 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 25, 625 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).
  9. J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Tang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Lett. 26, 1843 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Masoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2782 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Lett. 26, 1843 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Masoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2782 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).

H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 25, 625 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3547 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. M. Cuomo and A. V. Oppenheim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carroll, T. L.

L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colet, P.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, K. M.

K. M. Cuomo and A. V. Oppenheim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, P.

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).

Elsässer, W.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, I.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).

Fujino, H.

Goedgebuer, J.-P.

M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heil, T.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Larger, L.

M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. W.

M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Liu, Y.

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).

Masoller, C.

C. Masoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2782 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirasso, C. R.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsubo, J.

Oppenheim, A. V.

K. M. Cuomo and A. V. Oppenheim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, J.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pecora, L. M.

L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peil, M.

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Porte, H.

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prez, T.

R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rees, P.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3547 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shahverdiev, E. M.

S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sivaprakasam, S.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spencer, P.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 497 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S.

VanWiggeren, G. D.

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3547 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vicente, R.

R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, Electron. Lett. 38, 28 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

T. Heil, J. Mulet, I. Fischer, C. R. Mirasso, M. Peil, P. Colet, and W. Elsässer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, L. Larger, and J.-P. Goedgebuer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 931 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Vicente, T. Prez, and C. R. Mirasso, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

C. Masoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2782 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sivaprakasam, E. M. Shahverdiev, and K. A. Shore, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 154101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 821 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Cuomo and A. V. Oppenheim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3547 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1 (2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: ML, message laser; TL, transmitter laser; RL, receiver laser; BS1–BS5, beam splitters; M1–M3, mirrors; OI1–OI3, optical isolators; CA1, CA2, coupling attenuators; NDF1, NDF2, neutral-density filters; HWPs, half-wave plates; PD1, PD2, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Synchronization plots of the transmitter and receiver outputs without a message. (a) Closed-loop case. (b) Open-loop case.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Correlation factor as a function of the slave laser current.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Synchronization plots of the transmitter and receiver outputs with a message. (a) Closed-loop case. (b) Open-loop case.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fast Fourier transform of an encoded and a decoded message, showing (a) the transmitted signal in the closed-loop scheme, (b) the recovered message in the closed-loop scheme, (c) the transmitted signal in the open-loop scheme, and (d) the recovered message in the open-loop scheme.

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