Abstract

We study the dependence on fiber birefringence of the bit-error rate (BER) caused by amplifier noise in a linear optical fiber telecommunication system. We show that the probability-distribution function of the BER obtained by averaging over many realizations of birefringent disorder has an extended tail that corresponds to anomalously large values of BER. We specifically discuss the dependence of the tail on such details of pulse detection at the fiber output as setting the clock and filtering procedures.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. C. D. Poole, J. H. Winters, and J. A. Nagel, Opt. Lett. 16, 372 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, and C. R. Menyuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 310 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1998 (1)

H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 14, 523 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

1988 (2)

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 13, 687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Poole, and R. E. Wagner, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1618 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Andresciani, F. Curti, F. Matera, and B. Daino, Opt. Lett. 12, 844 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (2)

S. Machida, I. Sakai, and T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

Andrekson, P. A.

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Andresciani, D.

Bergano, N. S.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Poole, and R. E. Wagner, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1618 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Biondini, G.

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, and C. R. Menyuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 310 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bülow, H.

H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Curti, F.

Daino, B.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

Eyal, A.

Gordon, J. P.

Jopson, R. M.

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kath, W. L.

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, and C. R. Menyuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 310 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Machida, I. Sakai, and T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Li, Y.

Machida, S.

S. Machida, I. Sakai, and T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Marschall, W. K.

Matera, F.

Menyuk, C. R.

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, and C. R. Menyuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 310 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, J. A.

Nelson, L. E.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, J. H. Winters, and J. A. Nagel, Opt. Lett. 16, 372 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 14, 523 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 13, 687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Poole, and R. E. Wagner, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1618 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

Sakai, I.

S. Machida, I. Sakai, and T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Schulte, H. J.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Simon, A.

Sunnerud, H.

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

Ulrich, R.

Wagner, R. E.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Poole, and R. E. Wagner, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1618 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Winters, J. H.

Xie, C.

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Machida, I. Sakai, and T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

N. S. Bergano, C. D. Poole, and R. E. Wagner, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1618 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, and C. R. Menyuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 310 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Xie, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1079 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of Γ0 and of μ1,2 on T/b and τ/b, i.e., the information slot width and the optical filter width measured in the units set by rescaling of the pulse width to unity.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

zΨ-iΔˆzΨ-mˆztΨ-idzt2Ψ=ξz,t.
φ=WˆzΨ0t,  ϕ=0zdzWˆzWˆ-1zξz,t,
Wˆz=expi0zdzdzt2T×exp0zdzmˆzt,
I=dtGtKφZ,t+KϕZ,t2,
ln P-1DξZdtKϕ2+τ2tKϕ2.
τ2t2-1-uGtKϕ=uGtKφ,
exp-Dξ2Zb22Dmμ12I02 ln2BB0dBB,
B0αdBB1+α,

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