Abstract

We demonstrate simultaneous mode locking of more than 24 wavelengths at 3 GHz in an actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser operating at room temperature. The multiwavelength operation is achieved when a frequency shifter and an all-fiber 50-GHz periodic filter are inserted into a ring cavity. Active mode locking is performed with an amplitude modulator, and pulses with a FWHM of 30 ps are obtained.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Hayashi and S. Yamashita, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuL6.
  7. L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1368 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Commun. 183, 227 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002

M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Commun. 183, 227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, L.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmeyer, E.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, M. J.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cortes, P. Y.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Croeze, T. J.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Doucet, S.

S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giannone, D.

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, R.

R. Hayashi and S. Yamashita, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuL6.

Karasek, M.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karásek, M.

R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mielke, M.

M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Commun. 183, 227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Papakyriakopoulos, T.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, E. D.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Protonotarios, E. N.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pudo, D.

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sabert, H.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Commun. 183, 227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. K.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stavdas, A.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Town, G. E.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

R. Hayashi and S. Yamashita, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuL6.

Zhang, L.

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Doucet, R. Slavík, and S. LaRochelle, Electron. Lett. 38, 402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Mielke, G. A. Alphonse, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 38, 368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortes, S. LaRochelle, and P. W. E. Smith, Electron. Lett. 36, 1921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

E. D. Park, T. J. Croeze, P. J. Delfyett, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 837 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, D. Giannone, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Boivin, M. Wegmuller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, Y. Sun, and A. K. Srivastava, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1319 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, Opt. Commun. 183, 227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Commun. 190, 291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, and M. Karásek, Opt. Commun. 206, 365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

R. Hayashi and S. Yamashita, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper TuL6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multiwavelength mode-locked EDF laser experimental setup. WDM, wavelength division multiplexing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of the laser output showing the multiple wavelength bands.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) FWHM pulses measured on a 30-GHz sampling oscilloscope for a periodic filter with a finesse of 2 (solid curve) and a finesse of 4 (dashed curve). (b) Autocorrelation of the temporal pulses at 1545.92 nm with a periodic filter with a finesse of 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Radio frequency spectrum of the 1545.92-nm wavelength band. Inset, details around the modulation frequency.

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