Abstract

The Brillouin scattering spectrum in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a partially Ge-doped core is measured with a pump–probe technique at a wavelength of 1320 nm. One main peak and four subpeaks are observed. The main peak has a Lorentzian shape with the bandwidth ΔνB=66 MHz. Its intensity is six times higher than that from a standard single-mode fiber measured under the same conditions, which is consistent with the ratio of 1/AeffPCF/1/AeffSMF, where Aeff is the effective area of the fibers. The temperature coefficient for the main peak is 0.96 MHz/°C. We believe that the subpeaks are caused by an interaction between light-wave and guided modes of longitudinal acoustic waves in the graded-Ge-doped region, the silica region, and the microstructured cladding. An analysis of the guiding and antiguiding properties of the PCF for acoustic waves is presented.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002 (3)

1997 (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1989 (1)

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, and Y. Azuma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1101 (1986).

1979 (1)

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Azuma, Y.

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, and Y. Azuma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

Belardi, W.

Birks, T. A.

Bremner, T. W.

Broeng, J.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Brown, A. W.

Chhoa, C. Y.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1101 (1986).

DeMerchant, M. D.

Derosier, R. M.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1101 (1986).

Ferrier, G.

Fiorentino, M.

Georgiades, A. V.

Hansen, K. P.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Ibsen, M.

Jacobsen, C.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Jensen, J. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Kalamkarov, A. L.

Knight, J. C.

Kumar, P.

Lee, J. H.

Monro, T. M.

Niklès, M.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, and Y. Azuma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Porzio, A.

Richardson, D. J.

Robert, P. A.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rowell, N. L.

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sharping, J. E.

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, and Y. Azuma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Stegeman, G. I.

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, P. J.

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1101 (1986).

van Driel, H. M.

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yusoff, Z.

Zeng, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1101 (1986).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

N. Shibata, K. Okamoto, and Y. Azuma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1167 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1)

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. J. Thomas, N. L. Rowell, H. M. van Driel, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4986 (1979).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Brillouin loss spectrum of a 2-mm PCF with a partially Ge-doped core measured at 40 °C. Insert, near-field microscope picture of the PCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Brillouin loss spectrum of main peak a measured at 25 °C. The experimental data (dots) fit very well with a Lorentzian function (solid curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of Brillouin loss spectrum of main peak a of the PCF to that of the SMF, which was measured under the same conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Brillouin spectra of peaks d and e measured at (a) 0 °C and (b) 40 °C.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Brillouin Shift νB (GHz) and Brillouin Linewidth ΔνB (MHz) at 25 °C

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