Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate efficient optical carrier reduction of microwave signals with a single-mode 1.5µm wavelength Brillouin all-fiber ring laser. Because of the tunable optical coupling, the lasing threshold of the short-length (20-m) fiber cavity is lower than 5 mW, and high conversion efficiencies (up to 60%) are obtained at any pump power up to 200 mW. Using the single-mode Stokes beam as a seed for the stimulated Brillouin scattering process allows up to 40-dB optical carrier depletion with almost no added noise for an optically carried microwave signal at 6 GHz. In addition, using this resonator, we provide evidence of generation of high-spectral-purity beatnotes.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), Chap. 9.
  2. K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Lett. 25, 197 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.
  6. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 288 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. H. Harrison, M. J. Howes, and R. D. Pollard, in IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Digest 1987 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1987), pp. 521–525.
  8. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Lett. 25, 197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), Chap. 9.

Benito, D.

Charlet, G.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chazelas, J.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chodorow, M.

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.

Esman, R. D.

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Garde, M. J.

Harrison, D. H.

D. H. Harrison, M. J. Howes, and R. D. Pollard, in IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Digest 1987 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1987), pp. 521–525.

Howes, M. J.

D. H. Harrison, M. J. Howes, and R. D. Pollard, in IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Digest 1987 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1987), pp. 521–525.

Huignard, J.-P.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.

Loayssa, A.

Norcia, S.

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.

Pollard, R. D.

D. H. Harrison, M. J. Howes, and R. D. Pollard, in IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Digest 1987 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1987), pp. 521–525.

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Stokes, L. F.

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.

Williams, K. J.

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 30, 1965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, Electron. Lett. 36, 944 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P. Huignard, European Conference on Optical Communication (COM, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), paper 8.2.7.

D. H. Harrison, M. J. Howes, and R. D. Pollard, in IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Digest 1987 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1987), pp. 521–525.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), Chap. 9.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output pump, Stokes, and 2-Stokes powers as a function of coupling coefficient R for two different input powers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for modulation depth enhancement of a weakly modulated RF signal. MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-noise measurements on an optically carried RF signal. Dynamic carrier attenuation with (a) a single-mode Stokes wave, (b) a multimode Stokes wave, (c) single-pass geometry.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Beatnote between the pump laser and the SBS laser. RBW, resolution bandwidth.

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