A polarization-selective photonic stop band is demonstrated in a new chiral fiber structure with double-helix symmetry. The stop band exists for only circularly polarized radiation with the same handedness as the structure and is centered at a wavelength in the fiber equal to the fiber pitch. When one part of the chiral fiber is twisted about its axis, a localized mode is produced, which can be tuned across the gap by changing the twist angle. Observations in single-mode fibers are in good agreement with one-dimensional simulations of a dispersive cholesteric material. At higher frequencies, however, we find a sharp onset of a broad polarization-selective scattering band, which is not present in one-dimensional simulations.
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