Abstract

Simultaneous tuning of multiple-output wavelengths was achieved in Rhodamine 6G–doped distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers. As many as four separate output wavelengths were observed for a planar zirconia waveguide of 2.2µm thickness. The laser output wavelengths corresponded to the propagation modes allowed in the planar waveguide. Continuous tuning by variation of the period of the optically generated grating was achieved from 584 to 611 nm.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. K. Lam, M. A. Chan, and D. Lo, Opt. Mater. 18, 235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2647 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Zevin and R. Reisfeld, Opt. Mater. 8, 37 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

G. O. Noonan and J. S. Ledford, Chem. Mater. 7, 1117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, and J. L. Lawless, Appl. Phys. B 56, 385 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Adamushko, A. V.

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, P.

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arrue, J.

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bor, J.

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Casalboni, M.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chan, M. A.

S. K. Lam, M. A. Chan, and D. Lo, Opt. Mater. 18, 235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dumarcher, V.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Efendiev, T. Sh.

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fiorinin, C.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giorgetti, E.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoerhold, H.-H.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hurvitis, T.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Ko, D.-K.

Kretch, K. P.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lam, S. K.

S. K. Lam, M. A. Chan, and D. Lo, Opt. Mater. 18, 235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lawless, J. L.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, and J. L. Lawless, Appl. Phys. B 56, 385 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ledford, J. S.

G. O. Noonan and J. S. Ledford, Chem. Mater. 7, 1117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Lo, D.

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lam, M. A. Chan, and D. Lo, Opt. Mater. 18, 235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2647 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, and J. L. Lawless, Appl. Phys. B 56, 385 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Margheri, G.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noonan, G. O.

G. O. Noonan and J. S. Ledford, Chem. Mater. 7, 1117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.-M.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parris, J. E.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, and J. L. Lawless, Appl. Phys. B 56, 385 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, S.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pizzoferrato, R.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Zevin and R. Reisfeld, Opt. Mater. 8, 37 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, L.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rubinov, A. N.

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scarselli, M.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sensei, R.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sorek, Y.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sottini, S.

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tillman, H.

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G. A.

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1991), Chap. 13.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 11.

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 11.

Zevin, M.

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Zevin and R. Reisfeld, Opt. Mater. 8, 37 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.-L.

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2647 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zubia, J.

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, and J. L. Lawless, Appl. Phys. B 56, 385 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorinin, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillman, and H.-H. Hoerhold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2149 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Andrew, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 954 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.-L. Zhu and D. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2647 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

G. O. Noonan and J. S. Ledford, Chem. Mater. 7, 1117 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, T. Hurvitis, and S. Ruschin, Chem. Mater. 9, 670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, M. Casalboni, R. Sensei, M. Scarselli, and R. Pizzoferrato, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. N. Rubinov, T. Sh. Efendiev, A. V. Adamushko, and J. Bor, Opt. Commun. 20, 159 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (2)

M. Zevin and R. Reisfeld, Opt. Mater. 8, 37 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lam, M. A. Chan, and D. Lo, Opt. Mater. 18, 235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1991), Chap. 13.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 11.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scan traces of a zirconia film deposited upon a fused-quartz substrate by a prism coupler: thickness, 2.2 µm; refractive index, 1.56.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

DFB waveguide laser output spectra: (a) dual-wavelength operation, (b) quadruple-wavelength operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Simultaneous tuning of four lasing modes by variation of intersection angle. (b) Output wavelengths as a function of intersection angle. Solid curves, theoretical fits based on the Bragg condition. Effective refractive indices determined by the prism coupler were used.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dispersion curves of the confined modes (a) for a fused-quartz substrate and (b) for a glass substrate. Filled circles, experimental data.

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