Abstract

An investigation is reported of coherent resonance in the degenerate two-level system of the Fg=2Fe=1 transition of the  87Rb D1 line by means of a Hanle effect configuration. In a coherent population trapping experiment, a very narrow 1-kHz resonance superimposed upon a broader resonance 100 kHz was observed. The dependence of the width and the amplitude of the coherent resonance on the laser power density, on additional constant magnetic fields, on the laser frequency position along the fluorescence profile, and on Rb cells with different dimensions was investigated.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Corney, Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977).

2002 (1)

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

A. Corney, Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977).

Alzetta, G.

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, Ch.

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aspect, A.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, V.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Botti, L.

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burchianti, A.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cartaleva, S.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corney, A.

A. Corney, Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977).

Dancheva, Y.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gozzini, S.

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haus, L. V.

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, R.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanorsky, S. I.

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maichen, W.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nasyrov, K.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pfleghaar, E.

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, A.

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taslakov, M.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vansteenkiste, N.

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weis, A.

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Windholz, L.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wurster, J.

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, Ch. Andreeva, S. Gozzini, L. Botti, and A. Rossi, J. Opt. B 3, 181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. V. Haus, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Pfleghaar, J. Wurster, S. I. Kanorsky, and A. Weis, Opt. Commun. 99, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Opt. (1)

E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Corney, Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy (Clarendon, Oxford, 1977).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: DL, diode laser; BS, beam splitter; PD 1, PD 2, photodiodes; FPI, Fabry–Perot interferometer; Osc, oscilloscope; SN, solenoid.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the fluorescence in dark resonance on the magnetic field observed in cell a at Plas=300 mW/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the amplitudes of the new (stars) and CPT (filled circles) resonances on the laser power density for cell b.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

New resonance behavior when a constant magnetic field is applied orthogonally to the laser beam in the x or the y direction. Plas=300 mW/cm2. Resonances are observed in cell b.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FWHM of the new resonances observed (open squares) and calculated (filled circles) for three cells, a–c. Laser beam diameter, 2 mm; Plas=75 mW/cm2.

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