Abstract

We demonstrate a soliton self-frequency shift of 120 nm in a fiber with 1.56-µm pulses generated at a 10-GHz repetition rate by an actively mode-locked laser. A highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber with a length of only 12.6 m and a nonlinear coefficient of 62 W-1 km-1 is used to achieve such broadband operation. The wavelengths of the resulting sub-300-fs solitons can be tuned effectively by adjusting the input power. The maximum output power of the solitons exceeds 200 mW.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Price, K. Kurosawa, T. M. Monro, L. Lefort, and D. J. Richardson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1286 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

2000 (1)

1999 (4)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), pp. 182–190.

1986 (1)

Abedin, K. S.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), pp. 182–190.

Belardi, W.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chandalia, J. K.

Coen, S.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 358 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Furusawa, K.

Galvanauskas, A.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J. T.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Kerbage, C. E.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Kosinski, S. G.

Kubota, H.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Kumar, P.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kurosawa, K.

Lacourt, P. A.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

Liu, X.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Monro, T. M.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Okamura, R.

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

Price, J. H.

Ralph, S. E.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Rhodes, W. T.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Sharping, J. E.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Stock, M. L.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Suzuki, K.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Tanaka, M.

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

Washburn, B. R.

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 358 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Yusoff, Z.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1384 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. R. Washburn, S. E. Ralph, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Dudley, W. T. Rhodes, and R. S. Windeler, S. Coen, Electron. Lett. 37, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 421 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Nishizawa, R. Okamura, and T. Goto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

A. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, M. Fujita, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and S. Kawanishi, in The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Society Conference C-3–48 (IEICE, Miyazaki, Japan, 2002), p. 148.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), pp. 182–190.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical optical spectra observed at the output for various launched powers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Square root of the frequency shift versus the power launched into the PCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output characteristics. (a) Second-harmonic generation autocorrelation trace of the soliton output at 1.61 µm. (b) Measured spectral width (circles) and calculated pulse width (open squares) as a function of wavelength. Measured pulse widths at 1.581 and 1.61 µm are shown by crosses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated values of frequency shift versus launched power for various PCF lengths. Experimental points are also shown for comparison.

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