Abstract

A technique for noncollinear cross correlation of electro-optic modulated optical pulses is presented for the single-shot characterization of terahertz waveforms and is compared to established electro-optic terahertz characterization methods. This technique is free from the limitations on time resolution and faithful reproduction of previously demonstrated single-shot amplitude modulation spectral encoding.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002 (2)

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Fletcher, Opt. Express 10, 1425 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

F. G. Sun, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 23, 1114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Bartels, L.

Berden, G.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bonn, M.

Broberg, B.

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Fletcher, J. R.

Gallot, G.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Gillespie, W. A.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, T. F.

Jeon, T.-I.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

F. G. Sun, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 23, 1114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knippels, G. M. H.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Knoesel, E.

Krotkus, A.

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, A. M.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McGowan, R. W.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

Oberg, M.

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oepts, D.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

Roger, G.

Salin, F.

Shan, J.

Sun, F. G.

F. G. Sun, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tellefsen, Jr., J. A.

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

van der Meer, A. F. G.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A. S.

Wilke, I.

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 23, 1114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Sun, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Galvanauskas, J. A. Tellefsen, Jr., A. Krotkus, M. Oberg, and B. Broberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 145 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Sun, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Wilke, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, G. Berden, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 124801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental arrangement for chirped-pulse cross-correlation characterization of THz waveforms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Crystal and beam geometry of noncollinear SHG used for the THz cross-correlation measurement. The vertical (x) dimension of the optical beams is not shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured image of the SH generated in the cross-correlator BBO crystal. Top, with a quarter-wave plate before the polarizer; bottom, without the quarter-wave plate and with and without the THz signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

THz pulses measured by electro-optic sampling with chirped-pulse cross correlation, a scanning delay line, and spectral encoding. Dashed curve, calculation of the expected THz spectral encoding signal.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

cos2Θ=nE,4002nO,4002nO,8002-sin2Φ-nO,40021nE,4002-nO,4002.
Sω2βE˜optω2×ETHzt-τ0*Gτ
GtFTexpiα-1Γ2Ω2=π-iα+1Γ2exp½t24iα-1Γ2

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