Abstract

We demonstrate a new nanoscale spectroscopic technique that combines subwavelength near-field imaging with broadband interference spectroscopy. We apply this technique to study phase spectra of surface plasmons in individual gold nanoparticles and nanoparticle dimers. Collective plasmon oscillations in selected nanostructures are excited by a femtosecond white-light continuum transmitted through a subwavelength aperture. The interference spectra detected in the far field result from the coherent superposition of the aperture field and the secondary field re-emitted by the nanostructure. The analysis of these spectra allows us to accurately measure the positions and damping constants of single-nanostructure plasmon resonances.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
  2. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  3. M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).
  4. A. Liu, A. Rahmani, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, and S. J. Stranick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 704 (2001).
  5. M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).
  6. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).
  7. R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Appl. Phys. B 73, 239 (2001).
  8. J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).
  9. S. Link and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212 (1999).

2002 (1)

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).

2001 (4)

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).

A. Liu, A. Rahmani, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, and S. J. Stranick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 704 (2001).

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Appl. Phys. B 73, 239 (2001).

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

1999 (1)

S. Link and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212 (1999).

1991 (1)

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

1988 (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Bergman, D. J.

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Bryant, G. W.

El-Sayed, M.

S. Link and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212 (1999).

Eng, L. M.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Faleev, S. V.

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).

Grafström, S.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Harris, T. D.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Hillenbrand, R.

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Appl. Phys. B 73, 239 (2001).

Keilmann, F.

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Appl. Phys. B 73, 239 (2001).

Kostrelak, R. L.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).

Link, S.

S. Link and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212 (1999).

Liu, A.

Loppacher, Ch.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Rahmani, A.

Richter, L. J.

Schlaphof, F.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Seidel, J.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).

Stranick, S. J.

Trautmann, J. K.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Trogisch, S.

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

Vollmer, M.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).

Weiner, J. S.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Appl. Phys. B 73, 239 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Seidel, S. Grafström, Ch. Loppacher, S. Trogisch, F. Schlaphof, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2291 (2001).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

S. Link and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212 (1999).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167401 (2001).

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, and D. J. Bergman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 74021 (2002).

Science (1)

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautmann, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostrelak, Science 251, 1468 (1991).

Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons, Vol. 111 of Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Other (1)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).

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