Abstract

We consider large-mode-area photonic crystal fibers for visible applications in which microdeformation-induced attenuation becomes a potential problem when the effective area Aeff is sufficiently large compared to λ2. We argue that a slight increase in fiber diameter D can be used in screening the high-frequency components of the microdeformation spectrum mechanically, and we confirm this experimentally for both 15- and 20µm core fibers. For typical bending radii R16 cm the operating bandwidth increases by approximately 3–400 nm to the low-wavelength side.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. A. Mortensen and J. R. Folkenberg, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 163 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. A. Mortensen, M. D. Nielsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Petersson, and H. R. Simonsen, Opt. Lett. 28, 393 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1045 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. D. Nielsen, G. Vienne, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Lett. 28, 236 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Bjarklev and S. B. Andreasen, Electron. Lett. 25, 417 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 23, 52 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, and C. M. de Sterke, Opt. Lett. 27, 1684 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, L. C. Botton, and M. J. Steel, Opt. Lett. 26, 1660 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 23, 52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1989 (1)

A. Bjarklev and S. B. Andreasen, Electron. Lett. 25, 417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreasen, S. B.

A. Bjarklev and S. B. Andreasen, Electron. Lett. 25, 417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Baggett, J. C.

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

M. D. Nielsen, G. Vienne, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Lett. 28, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev and S. B. Andreasen, Electron. Lett. 25, 417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Botton, L. C.

Broeng, J.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Sandro, J.-P.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Furusawa, K.

Knight, J. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knudsen, E.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Libori, S. E. B.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McPhedran, R. C.

Monro, T. M.

Mortensen, N. A.

Nielsen, M. D.

Petersson, A.

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simonsen, H. R.

Sørensen, T.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Vienne, G.

White, T. P.

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, and S. E. B. Libori, Electron. Lett. 37, 287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev and S. B. Andreasen, Electron. Lett. 25, 417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. De Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

N. A. Mortensen and J. R. Folkenberg, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Science (2)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the cross section of a PCF with a triangular airhole cladding and a silica core in which light is effectively confined by a total-internal-reflection mechanism. D, outer fiber diameter; d, airhole diameter; Λ, airhole pitch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral attenuation for two PCFs, both with a 15µm core diameter, characterized on a spool of 16-cm radius.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral attenuation for different macrobending for two PCFs with a 20µm core diameter. In A and B the outer diameter of the PCF is D=125 µm and D=230 µm, respectively.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δnmicro=λ/πDEc/πEf1/4,

Metrics