Abstract

Blue pulses with durations of 8.5 fs are generated by broadband frequency doubling of subterawatt Ti:sapphire laser systems at 1–5-kHz repetition rates. The average powers are 1.6 W at 5 kHz and 1.9 W at 1 kHz. The peak power is 0.16 TW with a duration of 12 fs at 1 kHz.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2002 (1)

2001 (4)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Aoyama, T. Harimoto, J. Ma, Y. Akahane, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Express 9, 579 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. T. J. Nibbering, O. Dühr, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 22, 1335 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

1990 (1)

G. Szabo and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akahane, Y.

Antonie, P.

P. Antonie, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, M.

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Balcou, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

Barty, C. P. J.

Bor, Z.

G. Szabo and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bregger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dresher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dühr, O.

Durfee III, C. G.

Fujikawa, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Harimoto, T.

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kienbergen, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kojima, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Konno, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Dühr, E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Korn, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 24, 34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoto, Y.

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antonie, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L'Huillier, A.

P. Antonie, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

Nabekawa, Y.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

Raksi, F.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rundquist, A.

Sekikawa, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 23, 1384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, Y.

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Szabo, G.

G. Szabo and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Taft, G.

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Dühr, E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Korn, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 24, 34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A.-C.

Togashi, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 23, 1384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vdovin, G.

Watanabe, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 23, 1384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yasui, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

Zeek, Z.

Zhang, X.

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, F.

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Szabo and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, S171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienbergen, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, M. Dresher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Li, F. Zhou, X. Zhang, and W. Ji, Opt. Commun. 144, 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. Antonie, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Bregger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of BFD system. α, incident angle; β, diffraction angle; G1, Au-coated grating (150 lines/mm); G2, Al-coated grating (300 lines/mm); HR, high-reflectance mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SH conversion efficiencies versus intensity of fundamental beam. The open and filled squares correspond to 1- and 5-kHz repetition rates, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse shape and (b) spectrum retrieved by SD FROG. Related phases are shown in (a) and (b). A 300µm-thick BBO was used for BFD. The solid curves in (b) are derived from the calculated phase of the fundamental beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Pulse shape and (b) spectrum retrieved by SD FROG. Related phases are shown in (a) and (b). A 150µm-thick BBO was used for BFD. The solid curve in (b) is derived from the calculated phase of the fundamental beam.

Equations (1)

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ISHsinaLΔλ2/aLΔλ22,

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