Abstract

The angular dependence of the spontaneous emission of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) inside a photonic crystal with a pseudogap is reported. The sensitive dependences of the radiative lifetime and the photoluminescence spectrum of CdTe QDs on the observation angle demonstrate the effect of the photonic bandgap on the spontaneous emission of the QDs.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Martorell and N. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Tong, P. John, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, S. Wong, and W. Ware, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 356 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Stoytchev and A. Genack, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8617 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).
  14. Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Li and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125106 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (5)

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Z. Li and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Stoytchev and A. Genack, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8617 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

J. Martorell and N. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (3)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Alivisatos, A.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Arndt, M.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Astratov, V.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Badilescu, S.

Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baryshev, A.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bechger, L.

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Efrima, S.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Fokin, A.

S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gareia-Vidal, F.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A.

M. Stoytchev and A. Genack, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8617 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H.

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Glinka, Y.

Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Jahnke, F.

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

John, P.

John, S.

N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jouanin, C.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaplyanskii, A.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karimov, G.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Kira, M.

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Koch, S.

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Koenderink, A.

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumacheva, E.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N.

J. Martorell and N. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, N.

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Limonov, M.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lopez-Tejeira, F.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martorell, J.

J. Martorell and N. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Megens, M.

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, A.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S.

S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rue, R.

S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Dehesa, J.

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schriemer, H.

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stoytchev, M.

M. Stoytchev and A. Genack, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8617 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tong, B.

Truong, V.

Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vats, N.

N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W.

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Waldeck, D.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

Ware, W.

Wijnhoven, J.

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, Y. H.

Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Li and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Lin, J. Zhang, E. Sargent, and E. Kumacheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Ye, S. Badilescu, and V. Truong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Romanov, A. Fokin, and R. Rue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1656 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

See, for example, J. Y. Zhang, X. Bao, N. Li, and H. Song, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3609 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, S. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6541 (1987).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

Y. Vlasov, V. Astratov, A. Baryshev, A. Kaplyanskii, G. Karimov, and M. Limonov, Phys. Rev. E 61, 5784 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Z. Li and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

N. Vats, S. John, and K. Busch, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Megens, J. Wijnhoven, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4727 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

Y. Glinka, S. Lin, and Y. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Stoytchev and A. Genack, Phys. Rev. B 55, 8617 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Reynolds, F. Lopez-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. Gareia-Vidal, C. Jouanin, and J. Sanchez-Dehesa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenderink, L. Bechger, H. Schriemer, A. Lagendijk, and W. Vos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Martorell and N. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of the PC film at normal incidence (solid curve), PL spectrum of the CdTe QDs (dashed curve, normalized), and PL spectrum of the PC film itself (dotted curve, with intensity relative to the PL peak of the CdTe QDs).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Values of τ1/τ1initial (circles) and τav/τavinitial (triangles) as a function of the observation angle with respect to the PC film surface. The dashed curves are the best fits to the data points. Inset: the PL decay of the CdTe QDs inside the PC with an observation angle of 0° (triangles) and that of the CdTe QDs in a toluene solution (squares). The curves are their biexponential fits.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical normalized PL spectra for different observation angles with respect to the PC film surface.

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