Abstract

A novel breathing-mode external σ-ring-cavity semiconductor mode-locked laser is developed. Intracavity pulse compression and stretching produce linearly chirped pulses with an asymmetric exponential temporal profile. External dispersion compensation reduces the pulse duration to 274 fs (within 10% of the bandwidth limit).

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.
  2. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. B. Tracy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrafast Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).
  7. P. J. Delfyett, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, III, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995), pp. 274–328.
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 24, 1774 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. W. Nicholson and W. Rudolph, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 330 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 24, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrafast Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

1995 (1)

P. J. Delfyett, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, III, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995), pp. 274–328.
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. B. Tracy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N. C.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Coffie, R.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Connolly, J.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Delfyett, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, III, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995), pp. 274–328.
[CrossRef]

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrafast Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

Dietrich, E.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Diez, S.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Ehrke, H. J.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Feiste, U.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Florez, L. T.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jasapara, J.

Kuller, L.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Ludvig, R.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Nicholson, J. W.

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Rudolph, W.

J. W. Nicholson and W. Rudolph, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 24, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrafast Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

Schmidt, C.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Silberberg, Y.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stoffel, N.

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Tracy, E. B.

E. B. Tracy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Gee, R. Coffie, P. J. Delfyett, G. Alphonse, and J. Connolly, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

E. B. Tracy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Delfyett, L. T. Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, and G. A. Alphonse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

C. Schmidt, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, U. Feiste, L. Kuller, R. Ludvig, and H. G. Weber, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 348.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrafast Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

P. J. Delfyett, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, III, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995), pp. 274–328.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout of dispersion-managed semiconductor mode-locked σ-ring cavity laser (bottom) and diagnostics (top). 1–4, laser outputs; PBS, polarization beam splitter; Ps pellicle beam splitters; λ/2, half-wave plate; λ/4, quarter-wave plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pulse autocorrelation and (b) spectral FWHM versus dispersions in elements 1 and 2. (c) Externally compressed pulse autocorrelation and spectral FWHM along the diagonal of the maps.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-correlation traces from the laser outputs (a) after the gain element, (b) before the SA, (c) after the SA, and (d) before the gain element.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Comparison of an externally compressed pulse measured autocorrelation and the bandwidth limit calculated from the measured spectrum [inset of Fig. 4(a)]. (b) PICASO-retrieved externally compressed pulse of 274 fs.

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