Abstract

We demonstrate a chromium-doped forsterite femtosecond ring laser that generates 30-fs pulses at a 420-MHz repetition rate with nearly 500 mW of average power. The compact solid-state design and broad spectral output make this laser attractive for telecommunications applications in the 1.31.5µm region. Additional spectral broadening of the laser output in highly nonlinear optical fiber leads to octave-spanning spectra ranging from 1.06 to 2.17 µm. The octave is reached at a level of 18 dB below the peak. The underlying optical frequency comb can be linked to existing optical frequency standards.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. Yanovsky, Y. Pang, F. Wise, and B. I. Minkov, Opt. Lett. 18, 1541 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, T. Itatani, K. Kobayashi, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and H. Takahashi, Opt. Lett. 23, 1465 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 292 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, I. P. Bilinsky, B. Golubovic, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1839 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 24, 996 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Thomann, L. Hollberg, S. A. Diddams, and R. Equall, Appl. Opt. 42, 1661 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. G. Jørgensen, and T. Veng, Opt. Lett. 28, 643 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 28, 944 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 24, 996 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Angelow, G.

Bartels, A.

Bilinsky, I. P.

Bondu, F.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Brabec, T.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 28, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Dennis, T.

S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

I. Thomann, L. Hollberg, S. A. Diddams, and R. Equall, Appl. Opt. 42, 1661 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

DiMarcello, F.

Dudley, J. M.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R.

Fermann, M. E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J.

Fox, R. W.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gilbert, S. L.

S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Golubovic, B.

Hall, J. L.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

I. Thomann, L. Hollberg, S. A. Diddams, and R. Equall, Appl. Opt. 42, 1661 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Itatani, T.

Ivanov, A.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jørgensen, C. G.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kobayashi, K.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

Minkov, B. I.

Monberg, E.

Morgner, U.

Nakagawa, T.

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 28, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

Oates, C. W.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

Petricevic, V.

Scheuer, V.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seas, A.

Shcheslavskiy, V.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sugaya, T.

Swann, W. C.

S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tearney, G. J.

Thomann, I.

Torizuka, K.

Tschudi, T.

Veng, T.

Washburn, B. R.

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 28, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A.

Yakovlev, V. V.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Yanovsky, V.

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Shcheslavskiy, and A. Ivanov, Appl. Phys. B 74, S145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Winter, and A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. L. Gilbert, W. C. Swann, and T. Dennis, Proc. SPIE 4269, 184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The six-mirror ring-cavity setup. The mirror configuration shown yields the broadest mode-locked output spectrum. ROC, radius of curvature; HR, high reflector; OC, output coupler; GTI, Gires–Tournois interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Four mode-locked laser spectra for different values of the net cavity dispersion. Inset, autocorrelation trace for the cavity configuration yielding the largest FWHM spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Filled squares, measured FWHM of the laser spectra in Fig. 2; open circles, bandwidth-limited pulse duration calculated from the measured FWHM; solid line, linear fit to these values; dashed line, theoretical curve; see text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra from the output of various nonlinear fibers; see text. (a) Fiber output spectra recorded with an optical spectrum analyzer. (b) Spectra recorded with a monochromator to show the long-wavelength wings of the spectra.

Metrics