Abstract

We present an experiment in which an ultrashort pulse train propagates resonantly through an optically dense vapor of atomic rubidium. The sequence obtained from a Fabry–Perot interferometer comprises nearly 10 regularly time-delayed and mode-locked pulses. We show that a sequence with phase shift ϕ=02π between two successive pulses propagates with important temporal distortion, whereas a sequence with ϕ=π2π experiences few propagation effects, thus leading for the first time to our knowledge to the possibility of phase control of dispersion effects for an ultrashort pulse train.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2002

2001

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, L. H. Aciola, and S. S. Vianna, Opt. Lett. 25, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

1996

C. Chen and D. S. Elliott, Phys. Rev. A 53, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

1990

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, and G. P. Widerrechdt, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).

1986

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, Chem. Phys. Lett. 126, 541 (1986).

1984

S. Besnainou, J.-C. Diels, and J. Stone, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 143 (1984).

1970

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aciola, L. H.

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernard, J. E.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Besnainou, S.

S. Besnainou, J.-C. Diels, and J. Stone, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 143 (1984).

Blanchet, V.

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

Bouchene, M. A.

M. A. Bouchene, Phys. Rev. A 66, 065801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brumer, P.

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, Chem. Phys. Lett. 126, 541 (1986).

Cabrol, O.

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

Chartier, A.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chartier, J.-M.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

C. Chen and D. S. Elliott, Phys. Rev. A 53, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crisp, M. D.

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C.

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Besnainou, J.-C. Diels, and J. Stone, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 143 (1984).

Elliott, D. S.

C. Chen and D. S. Elliott, Phys. Rev. A 53, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fatome, J.

Felinto, D.

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girard, B.

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

Hall, J. L.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haner, M.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).

Hänsch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, and G. P. Widerrechdt, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lambropoulos, P.

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madej, A. A.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marmet, L.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millot, G.

Nazakawa, M.

Petrosyan, D.

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pitois, S.

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, M.

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, Chem. Phys. Lett. 126, 541 (1986).

Siemsen, K. J.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spano, F.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).

Stone, J.

S. Besnainou, J.-C. Diels, and J. Stone, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 143 (1984).

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vianna, S. S.

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, W. S.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, and G. P. Widerrechdt, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Widerrechdt, G. P.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, and G. P. Widerrechdt, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, T. H.

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, E.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, Chem. Phys. Lett. 126, 541 (1986).

V. Blanchet, M. A. Bouchene, O. Cabrol, and B. Girard, Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 195 (1995).

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).

J. Chem. Phys.

S. Besnainou, J.-C. Diels, and J. Stone, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 143 (1984).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

C. Chen and D. S. Elliott, Phys. Rev. A 53, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Bouchene, Phys. Rev. A 66, 065801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, A. A. Madej, J. E. Bernard, K. J. Siemsen, L. Marmet, J.-M. Chartier, and A. Chartier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3797 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, and G. P. Widerrechdt, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Propagation of a pulse train generated from a FP interferometer with ϕ=02π: (a) pulse train at the entrance of the atomic medium, (b) the corresponding spectrum, (c) pulse train at the exit of the dispersive medium whose optical depth is α0l520. The gray areas in (a) and (c) represent the experimental curves. They oscillate at the optical period, e.g., 2.6 fs, (not resovled in the figure). The solid curves in (a) and (c) represent the theoretical fit for the envelope of the experimental curve.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Same as Fig. 1 but for ϕ=π2π.

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