Abstract

We explain an observed spontaneous transition to the high-brightness, in-phase array state of a seven-core ytterbium-doped fiber laser array [IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001)]. The responsible mechanism is nonlinear refraction, and either in-phase or antiphase array modes can be selected by control of pump intensity. The phenomenon appears to be robust and scalable.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  6. M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).
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  8. S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).
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2002 (1)

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

2001 (1)

P. K. Cheo, A. Liu, and G. G. King, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

1998 (1)

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

1995 (3)

A. V. Buryak and N. N. Akhmediev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 682 (1995).

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

A. Hardy and W. Streifer, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 90 (1986).

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

1982 (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).

1981 (1)

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4457 (1981).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

Akhmediev, N. N.

A. V. Buryak and N. N. Akhmediev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 682 (1995).

Barber, P. R.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Bertness, K. A.

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4457 (1981).

Buryak, A. V.

A. V. Buryak and N. N. Akhmediev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 682 (1995).

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Cheo, P. K.

P. K. Cheo, A. Liu, and G. G. King, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001).

Chiu, L. C.

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

Christodoulides, D. N.

Cook, C. C.

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 163.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Elkin, N. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Fan, T. Y.

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 163.

Fischer, D.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

Glas, P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

Haken, H.

H. Haken, Advanced Synergetics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

Hanna, D. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Hardy, A.

A. Hardy and W. Streifer, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 90 (1986).

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4457 (1981).

Jensen, S. M.

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).

Joseph, R. I.

Kapon, L.

Katz, J.

King, G. G.

P. K. Cheo, A. Liu, and G. G. King, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001).

Królikowski, W.

Leitner, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Liu, A.

P. K. Cheo, A. Liu, and G. G. King, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001).

Logan, R. A.

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4457 (1981).

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Margalit, S.

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

Napartovich, A. P.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Naumann, M.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Patel, F.

F. Patel, “Solid-state rare-earth doped media for applications in waveguide lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Davis, Davis, Calif., 2000).

Pertsch, Th.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

Sandrock, T.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Schirmacher, A.

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

Schmidt-Hattenberger, C.

Schönnagel, H.

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, in Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers: Applications and Issues, M. W. Dowley, ed., Vol. 17 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 184–199.

Streifer, W.

A. Hardy and W. Streifer, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 90 (1986).

Sukharev, A. G.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Tropper, A. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

Troshchieva, V. N.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

Trutschel, U.

Vahala, K.

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

Vyosoysky, D. V.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

Wrage, M.

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

Yariv, A.

L. Kapon, J. Katz, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 10, 125 (1984).

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Vahala, L. C. Chiu, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 631 (1983).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982).

P. Glas, A. Schirmacher, H. Schönnagel, and M. Naumann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1619 (1995).

A. V. Buryak and N. N. Akhmediev, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 682 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. K. Cheo, A. Liu, and G. G. King, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 439 (2001).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. H. Henry, R. A. Logan, and K. A. Bertness, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4457 (1981).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Hardy and W. Streifer, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 90 (1986).

Opt. Commun. (3)

M. Wrage, P. Glas, M. Leitner, T. Sandrock, N. N. Elkin, A. P. Napartovich, and A. G. Sukharev, Opt. Commun. 175, 97 (2000).

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirmacher, and Th. Pertsch, Opt. Commun. 151, 187 (1998).

M. Wrage, P. Glas, D. Fischer, M. Leitner, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vyosoysky, A. P. Napartovich, and V. N. Troshchieva, Opt. Commun. 205, 367 (2002).

Opt. Lett. (3)

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1)

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 163.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1)

A. E. Siegman, in Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers: Applications and Issues, M. W. Dowley, ed., Vol. 17 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 184–199.

Other (3)

H. Haken, Advanced Synergetics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

F. Patel, “Solid-state rare-earth doped media for applications in waveguide lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Davis, Davis, Calif., 2000).

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