Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically the creation of a third soliton in two soliton collision processes in type I noncritically phase-matched KNbO3. The output pattern in the collision process is phase dependent, but the total energy and the relative ratio of the fundamental to the second harmonic in each soliton remain essentially unchanged to within experimental accuracy.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Krolikowski and S. A. Holstrom, Opt. Lett. 22, 369 (1997).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Assanto and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Express 10, 388 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (5)

1999 (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

1996 (3)

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 1538 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

Aitchison, J. S.

Assanto, G.

Baek, Y.

Barthelemy, A.

B. Constantini, C. De Angelis, A. Barthelemy, B. Bourliaguet, and V. Kermene, Opt. Lett. 23, 424 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Shalaby, F. Reynaud, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 17, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, in Nonlinear Guided Waves, Vol. 80 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper NLWB2.

Baumann, G.

Bosshard, Chr.

Bourliaguet, B.

Buryak, A. V.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carrasco, S.

H. Kim, L. Jankovic, G. I. Stegeman, M. Katz, S. Carrasco, and L. Torner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, M. I.

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Constantini, B.

Coskun, T. H.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, in Nonlinear Guided Waves, Vol. 80 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper NLWB2.

De Angelis, C.

Di Trapani, P.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuerst, R.

Gunter, P.

Holstrom, S. A.

Jackel, J. L.

Jankovic, L.

Katz, M.

H. Kim, L. Jankovic, G. I. Stegeman, M. Katz, S. Carrasco, and L. Torner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kermene, V.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, L. Jankovic, G. I. Stegeman, M. Katz, S. Carrasco, and L. Torner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

Leaird, D. E.

Malendevich, R.

Oliver, M. K.

Polyakov, S.

Reynaud, F.

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2551 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schiek, R.

Segev, M.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2551 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Shih and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 1538 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaby, M.

Shih, M.

M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2551 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. F.

Silberberg, Y.

Simos, C.

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, in Nonlinear Guided Waves, Vol. 80 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper NLWB2.

Singh, S. R.

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

Sohler, W.

Stegeman, G. I.

Torner, L.

H. Kim, L. Jankovic, G. I. Stegeman, M. Katz, S. Carrasco, and L. Torner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. N. Christodoulides, S. R. Singh, M. I. Carvalho, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1763 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, L. Jankovic, G. I. Stegeman, M. Katz, S. Carrasco, and L. Torner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2710 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, Phys. Rep. 370, 63 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2551 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. Simos, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, in Nonlinear Guided Waves, Vol. 80 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper NLWB2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Two-soliton collision experimental setup. The time overlap is adjusted by the delay line. The relative phase difference is controlled by tilting of a glass plate introduced into the path of one beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Left, schematic showing the relative positions and the propagation directions of the beams in the crystal. Right, head-on view of the beams. Solid circles represent the positions of the input beams; dashed circles, the output beams. Numbers 1 and 2 correspond to beams number 1 and 2, respectively. The propagation planes are offset by 10 µm in the vertical direction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output beams from the crystal. (a) The output soliton’s distribution when there is no interaction (beams are not synchronous in time) and (b) a typical output at zero phase difference (beams interacting).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output pattern versus relative phase difference for a 0.9° collision angle and a 4.5GW/cm2 input intensity per soliton. (The pictures are rotated 90° clockwise relative to Fig. 3.)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output pattern for continuous-wave numerical beam-propagation-method calculations at zero and π relative phases. These parameters correspond to the experimental parameters.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the ratio of the soliton output intensities on the initial relative phase. The ratios of the energies of the central and right-side solitons to the left-side soliton are plotted.

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