Abstract

Microstructured photonic bandgap fibers with a doped honeycomb cladding structure and the guiding defect defined by the absence of doping are proposed as nonlinear optical fibers for short wavelengths. It is shown that zero-dispersion wavelengths below 500 nm and corresponding effective areas of 12 µm2 can be obtained if structures with interhole distances near 600 nm can be fabricated. The cutoff wavelength for guidance of second-order modes can be controlled by variation of the radius and index contrast of the doped regions.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 1395 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.
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    [CrossRef]
  6. R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.
  7. J. Riishede, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, “All silica photonic bandgap fiber,” submitted to Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2003.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. J. A. West and D. C. Allen, paper 51.04 presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’02), Copenhagen, Denmark, September 8–12, 2002.

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

J. D. Love, IEE Proc. J. 136, 225 (1989).

Allen, D. C.

J. A. West and D. C. Allen, paper 51.04 presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’02), Copenhagen, Denmark, September 8–12, 2002.

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barkou Libori, S. E.

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bise, R. T.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

Bjarklev, A.

J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, and S. E. Barkou Libori, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1 (2003).

J. Riishede, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, “All silica photonic bandgap fiber,” submitted to Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2003.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Riishede, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, “All silica photonic bandgap fiber,” submitted to Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2003.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Eggleton, B. J.

T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijn de Sterke, N. M. Litchinitser, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 27, 1977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

Hansen, K. P.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Jacobsen, C.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Jensen, J. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kebage, C.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kranz, K. S.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

Lægsgaard, J.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, IEE Proc. J. 136, 225 (1989).

Martijn de Sterke, C.

McPhedran, R. C.

Monro, T. M.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2000).

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, D. J.

Riishede, J.

J. Riishede, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, “All silica photonic bandgap fiber,” submitted to Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2003.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simonsen, H. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

Stentz, A. J.

Trevor, D. J.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

West, J. A.

J. A. West and D. C. Allen, paper 51.04 presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’02), Copenhagen, Denmark, September 8–12, 2002.

White, T. P.

Windeler, R. S.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

IEE Proc. J. (1)

J. D. Love, IEE Proc. J. 136, 225 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kebage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThK3.

J. Riishede, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, “All silica photonic bandgap fiber,” submitted to Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2003.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and A. Petersson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper FA9.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2000).

J. A. West and D. C. Allen, paper 51.04 presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’02), Copenhagen, Denmark, September 8–12, 2002.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Effective index, β/k, versus normalized frequency, Λ/λ, where β is the propagation constant and k=2πc/λ for the guided mode (dashed curve) and the boundaries of the two lowest bandgaps of the cladding structure (solid curves). The results are calculated for the design denoted F1010 (see text and Table 1 for explanation). The inset shows a schematic of the fiber design, with open circles representing airholes and filled circles representing (Ge-) doped regions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Zero-dispersion wavelengths, λ0, versus physical pitch and (b) effective area at λ0 versus λ0 for the fiber designs listed in Table 1. The vertical lines in Fig. 2(b) indicate the boundaries of the single-mode regime (single-mode guidance at λ0) for the various structures. F0520 and F0340 are single mode over the entire λ0 range shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coupling lengths, zc, at the zero-dispersion wavelength, λ0, versus λ0 for the fiber designs listed in Table 1.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Diameter (dd) and Index Contrast (Δn) of the Doped Regions in the Fiber Designs Investigated, Along with the Cutoff Wavelengths for the Fundamental (λ1) and Second-Order (λ2) Modes

Equations (1)

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zc=max2πβ0-β0clu, 2πβ0-β0cllmax2πvguω0-ωclu, 2πvglω0-ωcll,

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