Abstract

A peak output power of greater than 4.1 kW and a pulse duration at FWHM of 150 ns have been obtained in a Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser in the wavelength region near 2 µm when the laser was pumped with a Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.319 µm. An acousto-optic modulator was used as a Q-switching element and operated at repetition rates of as much as 30 kHz. A core diameter of 17 µm was used to increase the laser gain volume, permitting high-pump-power absorption and an output of high pulse energy and peak power. Stimulated Brillouin scattering was directly observed in the output pulse, and as much as 10 orders of stimulated Brillouin scattering was recorded. This is the first report to the authors’ knowledge of high-peak-power operation of a Tm3+-fiber laser.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd. ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), pp. 150, 341.
  2. P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. J. Chen, A. B. Grudinin, J. Porta, and J. D. Minelly, Opt. Lett. 23, 454 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Optical Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1986), p. 1004.
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  11. L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Optical Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Aiting, Z.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, C.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Britton, P.

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd. ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), pp. 150, 341.

Dong, L.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuyun, L.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Chen, A. B. Grudinin, J. Porta, and J. D. Minelly, Opt. Lett. 23, 454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hongjie, W.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kecheng, L.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lees, G. P.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Myslinski, P.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oleskevich, T.

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Optical Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pan, X.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Porta, J.

Renaud, C. C.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seguin, F.

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Optical Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Selvas-Aguilar, R. J.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shuguang, G.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1986), p. 1004.

Sullivan, B. T.

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taverner, D.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yyaxian, F.

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Richardson, P. Britton, and D. Taverner, Electron. Lett. 33, 1955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 545 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Myslinski, X. Pan, C. Barnard, J. Chrostowski, B. T. Sullivan, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Eng. 32, 2025 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optical Eng. (1)

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Optical Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Fuyun, F. Yyaxian, Z. Aiting, G. Shuguang, W. Hongjie, and L. Kecheng, Proc. SPIE 4225, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd. ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), pp. 150, 341.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1986), p. 1004.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser arrangement: MO, microscope objective; L, collimated lens; AOM, acousto-optic modulator as a Q-switched device; AR, antireflective; DSO, data storage oscilloscope; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Highest-peak-power pulse from a Q-switched thulium-doped silica fiber laser: peak power, P0=4.1 kW; Δτ=150 ns at a repetition rate of 100 Hz and a fiber length of 1 m. Time scale, 250 ns/division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical Q-switched output pulse train at a repetition rate of 10 kHz (lower trace); the modulation signal train is also shown (upper trace). The amplitude variation of pulse-to-pulse stability is less than 1%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse peak power and pulse duration relative to pulse repetition frequency: launched pump power, 0.98 W; fiber length, 1.8 m.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse peak power and pulse duration of an acousto-optically Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser as a function of fiber length: launched pump power, 0.96 W; average laser power, 60 mW; low repetition rate, 100 Hz.

Metrics