Abstract

We report the generation and coherent detection of freely propagating ultrashort baseband electromagnetic pulses. Using optical rectification in 110 GaAs for wideband emission and electro-optic sampling in a poled polymer for wideband detection, we demonstrate spectral sensitivity that extends from the far infrared λ100 µm to 33 THzλ=9 µm. Over a band of nearly 20 THz, a relatively flat frequency response is observed. We discuss issues that limit the response bandwidth.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. Richter, T. P. Petralli-Mallow, and J. C. Stephenson, Opt. Lett. 23, 1594 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, Opt. Lett. 27, 55 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, and J. E. Sohn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 968 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  17. These data were provided by Sigma-Aldrich, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisc.
  18. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2002

2000

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

1982

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beeson, K.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferm, P.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gabel, C. W.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gu, P.

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, L. M.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Helm, H.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Knapp, C.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

Leitenstorfer, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. P.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McFarland, M.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D. J.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petralli-Mallow, T. P.

Richter, R. J.

Sakai, K.

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schall, M.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schyja, V.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shan, J.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

Sinyukov, A. M.

Smith, P. R.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, J. E.

Steier, W. H.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stephenson, J. C.

Tani, M.

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Winnewisser, C.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yardley, J. T.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Shi, W. P. Lin, D. J. Olson, J. H. Bechtel, H. Zhang, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, G. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 211 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.

C. Wu, K. Beeson, P. Ferm, C. Knapp, M. McFarland, A. Nahata, J. Shan, and J. T. Yardley, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 328, 477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

These data were provided by Sigma-Aldrich, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisc.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. Ultrashort baseband pulses are generated in 110 GaAs and detected in a poled polymer. (b) Expanded view of the poled polymer and beam propagation path. The optical probe and baseband pulses copropagate through the polymer with an external angle of incidence θ. The baseband pulse is p polarized, whereas the optical probe is polarized at 45° with respect to the plane of incidence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal waveform detected by electro-optic sampling. The shortest oscillation period is 33 fs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplitude spectrum of the temporal waveform shown in Fig. 2.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γsp=4πdλno2-sin2 θ1/2-nonene2-sin2 θ1/2.
ΔΓsp=4πdr333λnTn2 sin3 θn2-sin2 θ1/2ET,

Metrics