Abstract

We demonstrate collinear generation of equidistant rotational sidebands in low-pressure molecular hydrogen with near-unity conversion efficiency. The spectrum consists of 37 coherent sidebands covering over 20,000 cm-1 of spectral bandwidth and ranging from 1.37 µm to 352 nm in wavelength.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. L. Losev and A. P. Lutsenko, Quantum Electron. 23, 919 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. S. McDonald, G. H. C. New, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and M. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 19, 1400 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Wittman, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittman, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (4)

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

L. L. Losev and A. P. Lutsenko, Quantum Electron. 23, 919 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, N.

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jain, M.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaplan, A. E.

A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katsuragawa, M.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, S.

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

M. Wittman, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Kien, F.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, J. Q.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Losev, L. L.

Lutsenko, A. P.

Manuszak, D.

McDonald, G. S.

Merriam, A. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

M. Wittman, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

New, G. H. C.

Sharpe, S. J.

Shaw, M.

Sokolov, A. V.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Uetake, S.

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittman, M.

M. Wittman, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yavuz, D. D.

S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki, and N. Ishibashi, Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Uetake, M. Katsuragawa, M. Suzuki, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011803 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, D. R. Walker, and D. D. Yavuz, Phys. Rev. A 65, 021801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, A. V. Sokolov, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

L. L. Losev and A. P. Lutsenko, Quantum Electron. 23, 919 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup and energy-level diagram for collinear rotational Raman generation. With Δω as shown, the phased rotational eigenstate is excited.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Generated rotational spectrum at Raman detuning values of (a) Δω=-80 MHz, (b) Δω=0, (c) Δω=280 MHz. The middle portion is attenuated to reduce camera saturation. For below-resonance excitation, we observe generation of 27 anti-Stokes and 8 Stokes sidebands (in addition to the driving lasers).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Integrated pulse energies for the observed spectrum of Fig. 2(c). The sideband numbered 0 is the 797-nm driving laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Total generated Stokes (circles) and anti-Stokes (triangles) energy as a function of Raman detuning. The Stokes generation peaks, and the anti-Stokes generation shows a slight dip for on-resonance excitation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Depletion of two driving lasers as a function of Raman detuning. At the peak of the generation, the depletion of both lasers is 70%. Accounting for overlap factors, these values approach 100%, implying near-unity conversion from the driving lasers to the generated spectrum.

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