Abstract

The optical limiting performance of a water-soluble porphyrin derivative is shown to be improved when small-sized (400-nm-diameter) nonabsorbing polystyrene spheres are added to the solution. The optical limiting enhancement is attributed to absorption of diffusive photons that experience longer light pathways than ballistic photons. The effect is demonstrated for nanosecond laser excitation at 532 nm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. S. Shirk, Opt. Photon. News 11(4), 19 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Guo, T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. Ma, and J. H. Hong, Opt. Lett. 24, 981 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Frey and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 25, 833 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y.-P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Crane, K. Lewis, E. Van Stryland, and M. Khoshnevisan, eds., Materials for Optical Limiting, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.374, (1995).
  7. M. P. Joshi, J. Swiatkiewicz, F. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reihardt, and R. Kannan, Opt. Lett. 23, 1742 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. E. Hernández, S. Yang, E. W. Van Stryland, and D. J. Hagan, Opt. Lett. 25, 1180 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Vivien, D. Riehl, P. Lançon, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, Opt. Lett. 26, 223 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (4)

F. E. Hernández, S. Yang, E. W. Van Stryland, and D. J. Hagan, Opt. Lett. 25, 1180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 25, 833 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Shirk, Opt. Photon. News 11(4), 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (3)

M. P. Joshi, J. Swiatkiewicz, F. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reihardt, and R. Kannan, Opt. Lett. 23, 1742 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anglaret, E.

Belloni, J.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boggess, T. F.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C. C.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

Delaire, J.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delouis, J.-F.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, S.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dou, K.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feneyron, P.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

R. Frey and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 25, 833 (2000).
[CrossRef]

François, L.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Frey, R.

R. Frey and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 25, 833 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gray, G. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

Guo, Y.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

Hagan, D. J.

Hernández, F. E.

Hong, J. H.

Joshi, M. P.

Kannan, R.

Knobbe, E. T.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lançon, P.

Lawson, C. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

McKerns, M. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McMichael, I.

Mostafavi, M.

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parkhill, R.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

Reihardt, B. A.

Riehl, D.

Riggs, J. E.

Y.-P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shirk, J. S.

J. S. Shirk, Opt. Photon. News 11(4), 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.-P.

Y.-P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Swiatkiewicz, J.

Tutt, L. W.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vivien, L.

Wang, D.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

Yang, S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

Y.-P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18, 43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

L. François, M. Mostafavi, J. Belloni, J.-F. Delouis, J. Delaire, and P. Feneyron, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1)

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, and C. Li, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 479, 41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

J. S. Shirk, Opt. Photon. News 11(4), 19 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, and E. T. Knobbe, Solid State Commun. 107, 101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. Crane, K. Lewis, E. Van Stryland, and M. Khoshnevisan, eds., Materials for Optical Limiting, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.374, (1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear absorption of TMPyP in an aqueous solution (concentration, 1.0×10-4 M). The linear absorption coefficient of TMPyP at the excitation wavelength (532 nm) is 1.7 cm-1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Log–log plot of the normalized transmittance as a function of input fluence for polystyrene spheres of 400-nm diameter in water, TMPyP in water, and TMPyP with polystyrene spheres in water. The excitation source is a pulsed laser (15 ns, 5 Hz) at 532 nm. TMPyP concentration, 1.0×10-4 M; polystyrene sphere concentration, 1.4×108 cm-3; sample thickness, 1 cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoluminescence spectra for TMPyP in water and for TMPyP with polystyrene spheres. The excitation source is a pulsed laser (15 ns, 5 Hz) at 532 nm. Photoluminescence spectra were recorded (a) perpendicularly to the excitation direction and (b) in the excitation direction for a TMPyP concentration of 1.0×10-4 M and a polystyrene sphere concentration of 1.4×108 cm-3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Transmittance Data for Two Incident Fluences: 3 mJ/cm2 (Below the Onset of NL Absorption) and 30 mJ/cm2 (Above the Onset of NL Absorption)a

Metrics