Abstract

The birefringence of an air–silica microstructure fiber has been studied by measurement of the fiber polarization mode dispersion (PMD) over the wavelength range 545–640 nm. The experimental results are shown to be in good agreement with vectorial numerical calculations, assuming an elliptical core with an eccentricity of 7%. We also report controlled experiments studying nonlinear vectorial modulation instability in the fiber, yielding 3.9-THz modulational instability sideband shifts that are in good agreement with theoretical predictions based on the calculated fiber dispersion and PMD characteristics.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2001 (7)

2000 (4)

1999 (1)

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

Arriaga, J.

Barkou, S. E.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Berg, T. W.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Botten, L. C.

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cao, X. D.

Chudoba, C.

Coker, A.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dudley, J. M.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dyndgaard, M. G.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fujita, M.

Ghanta, R. K.

Grelu, P.

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grossard, N.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haelterman, M.

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

Knight, J. C.

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ko, T. H.

Kubota, H.

Kumar, P.

Li, X. D.

Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

McPhedran, R. C.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Millot, G.

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Osgood, R. M.

Pitois, S.

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sharping, J. E.

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Søndergard, T.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Stentz, A. J.

Suzuki, K.

Tanaka, M.

Wadsworth, W. J.

White, T. P.

Windeler, R. S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 37, 558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Søndergard, T. W. Berg, and M. G. Dyndgaard, J. Opt. A 2, 584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. Pitois, G. Millot, P. Grelu, and M. Haelterman, Phys. Rev. E 60, 994 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Typical output spectrum from the MF, modulated because of interference between orthogonal polarization components. (b) Measured PMD as a function of wavelength (circles) compared with numerical calculations based on an elliptical core (solid line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Elliptical MF structure used in numerical calculations. (b), (c) Mode profiles at 580 nm for fast and slow axes, respectively, with the polarization directions as shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured output spectra at 624.5 nm, showing modulational instability sidebands at 3.90 THz. (b) Modulational instability gain curve for calculated birefringence parameters.

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