Abstract

We report a static single-shot configuration for measuring the sonogram trace of an ultrashort optical pulse. When it is combined with a CCD camera, the instrument provides an intuitive video-rate monitor of the pulse chirp, and it is equally compatible with a high-repetition-rate mode-locked oscillator and a low-repetition-rate amplified source. The performance of the instrument is described, and iterative retrieval of the measured sonogram trace, which yields complete and unambiguous pulse characterization, is demonstrated.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 18, 823 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. O’Shea and R. Trebino, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFE6.
  3. E. B. Treacy, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3848 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. T. Reid, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1584 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. W. Delong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1377 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1377 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. T. Reid, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1584 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1971 (1)

E. B. Treacy, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3848 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Cormack, I. G.

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1377 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Delong, K. W.

Hunter, J.

Kane, D. J.

O’Shea, P.

P. O’Shea and R. Trebino, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFE6.

Ortega-Martinez, R.

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1377 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1584 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1377 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3848 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

K. W. Delong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 18, 823 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. O’Shea and R. Trebino, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFE6.

Walmsley, I. A.

V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, (1997).
[CrossRef]

White, W. E.

Wong, V.

V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. T. Reid, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1584 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. B. Treacy, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3848 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, R. Ortega-Martinez, and D. T. Reid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4071 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. O’Shea and R. Trebino, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFE6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Maps of phase-matching efficiency sinc2ΔkL/2 for type 2 sum-frequency mixing in 1-mm-thick KDP for internal propagation angles of (bottom to top) 67°, 71°, and 77°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top and side views of the single-shot sonogram apparatus: A, F, cylindrical lenses; B, E, spherical lenses; C, Wollaston prism; D, KDP crystal; G, BG39 filter; H, CCD camera.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot sonogram traces for pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser with (a) negative, (b) near-zero, and (c) positive chirps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Representative pulse retrieval results for data acquired with the single-shot sonogram apparatus: (a) retrieved temporal intensity and phase, (b) comparison of the retrieved power spectrum with the independently measured pulse spectrum, (c) comparison of the autocorrelation of (a) with the independently measured intensity autocorrelation.

Equations (1)

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ISONOt,Ω=-eωgω-Ωexp-iωtdω,

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