Abstract

We report the observation of abnormal spectral evolution in regenerated fiber Bragg gratings in hydrogenated B–Ge-codoped and standard telecom fiber with UV overexposure. The behavior of this new type of regenerated grating, which we have designated type IA, contrasts with that of the previously reported type IIA grating in nonhydrogenated fiber by exhibiting a large redshift in Bragg wavelength with increasing exposure of as much as 18 nm from a strong (16-dB) regenerated grating in B–Ge fiber.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Kashyap, Fibre Bragg Gratings (Academic, London, 1999).
  2. I. Riant and F. Haller, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1464 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Dong, W. F. Liu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 21, 2032 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1998

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

I. Riant and F. Haller, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, W. F. Liu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 21, 2032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aslund, M.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bazylenko, M.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cordier, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, W. F. Liu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 21, 2032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haller, F.

I. Riant and F. Haller, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fibre Bragg Gratings (Academic, London, 1999).

Liu, W. F.

Monerie, M.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Riant, I.

I. Riant and F. Haller, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W. X.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Canning, D. Moss, M. Aslund, and M. Bazylenko, Electron. Lett. 34, 366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

I. Riant and F. Haller, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, T. Taunay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delevaque, and M. Monerie, Opt. Commun. 124, 295 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. Kashyap, Fibre Bragg Gratings (Academic, London, 1999).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Formation of an 8-mm-long type IIA grating in nonhydrogenated B–Ge-codoped fiber: (a) reflectivity and wavelength shift relative to exposure time, (b) transmission spectra before and after annealing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra for 8-mm-long gratings inscribed in hydrogenated fibers, illustrating abnormal spectral evolution with increasing UV exposure (the direction of the large, bold arrow): (a) in B–Ge-codoped fiber and (b) in standard fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Formation of four 8-mm-long gratings (G1)–(G4) in hydrogenated B–Ge-codoped fiber: (a) reflectivity and (b) Bragg wavelength shift, plotted relative to exposure time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflection (R) and transmission (T) spectra of a regenerated grating after 1h exposure in hydrogenated B–Ge-codoped fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Bragg wavelength shifts measured in type I and regenerated (type IA) gratings inscribed in hydrogenated B–Ge fiber plotted versus temperature. Symbols, experimental points; solid curves, best fits to the data.

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