Abstract

A planar waveguide Nd:YAG laser is pumped with 430 W of power from 10 laser diode bars to produce a multimode output power of 150 W at an optical efficiency of 35%. Use of a hybrid resonator of the positive-branch confocal unstable type for the lateral axis and of one of the near–case I waveguide type for the transverse axis increased the laser brightness by a factor of 26 with only 12% less power than in the multimode case.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Lett. 23, 942 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Opt. Lett. 21, 594 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.
  10. C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.
  11. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, R. L. Byer, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan B. Choi, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 2–5.
  14. J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

2001

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Lett. 23, 942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Alfrey, A. J.

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, R. L. Byer, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan B. Choi, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 2–5.

Baker, H. J.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Opt. Lett. 21, 594 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.

Beach, R. J.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bhutta, T.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, C. L.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Lett. 23, 942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

Byer, R. L.

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, R. L. Byer, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan B. Choi, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 2–5.

Chesworth, A. A.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.

Contag, K.

C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Faulstich, A.

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Opt. Lett. 21, 594 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrand, B.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Friel, G. J.

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

Giesen, A.

C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.

Griebner, U.

U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grunwald, R.

U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guy, S.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. R.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Opt. Lett. 21, 594 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.

Hanna, D. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hettrick, S. J.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hilton, G. J.

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Larionov, M.

C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.

Lee, J. R.

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

Li, C.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

MacKenzie, J. I.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, H. E.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, S. C.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelaez-Millas, D.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schonnagel, H.

U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Lett. 23, 942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shine, R. J.

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, R. L. Byer, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan B. Choi, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 2–5.

Stewen, C.

C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.

Tropper, A. C.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Lett. 23, 942 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. MacKenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, H. Schonnagel, Opt. Commun. 164, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, Opt. Commun. 191, 125 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

OSA Proceedings Series

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, R. L. Byer, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan B. Choi, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 2–5.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

J. R. Lee, G. J. Friel, H. J. Baker, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. Marshall, ed., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 36–40.

H. J. Baker, A. A. Chesworth, D. Pelaez-Millas, D. R. Hall, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, W. R. Rosenberg M. M. Feier, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 407–410.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

C. Stewen, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, K. Contag, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 35–41.

Proc. SPIE

D. Pelaez-Millas, A. Faulstich, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Proc. SPIE 3092, 25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of pumping and cooling for the device: a, diode bar’s pitch; w, pump entry slot width.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power output from a plane mirror multimode resonator versus output mirror transmission for the pump powers indicated. Departure from the expected behavior caused by parasitic oscillation occurs to the right of curve AB.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ray paths trapped by total internal reflection in the water-cooled waveguide structure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of power out and pump power for the multimode plane and unstable resonators.

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