Abstract

We study the enhanced Kerr-nonlinear coefficient in a three-level Λ-type atomic system for various coupling-beam powers. The Kerr-nonlinear coefficient behaves very differently in the strong and the weak coupling power regions and changes sign when the coupling or probe frequency detuning changes sign. Comparisons of Kerr-nonlinear coefficients as functions of probe frequency detuning, coupling power, and coupling frequency detuning are presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. R. Hemmer, D. P. Katz, J. Donoghue, M. Cronin-Golomb, M. S. Shahriar, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 20, 982 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Lu, W. H. Burkett, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 23, 804 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 26, 548 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. E. Harris and L. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).
  10. J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 26, 548 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).

2000 (1)

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

S. E. Harris and L. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Lu, W. H. Burkett, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 23, 804 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (4)

P. R. Hemmer, D. P. Katz, J. Donoghue, M. Cronin-Golomb, M. S. Shahriar, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 20, 982 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

Burkett, W. H.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Deutsch, M.

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

Donoghue, J.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goorskey, D. J.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).

Hakuta, K.

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and L. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hau, L.

S. E. Harris and L. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, P. R.

Imamoglo, A.

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jin, S.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katz, D. P.

Kumar, P.

Li, Y.

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, B.

Manuszak, D.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marmet, L.

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Merriam, A. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rickey, E. G.

Schmodt, H.

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shahriar, M. S.

Sharpe, S. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shverdin, M.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoicheff, B. P.

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).

Woods, G.

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).

B. Lu, W. H. Burkett, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 23, 804 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yan, M.

Yin, G. Y.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

Nature (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and L. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Imamoglo, H. Schmodt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601-1 (2001).

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity transmission profiles for (a) Δp=40 MHz and Ωc=0; (b) Δp=40 MHz and Ωc=2π×17 MHz; (c) Δp=7 MHz and Ωc=0; (d) Δp=7 MHz and Ωc=2π×72 MHz. Δc=0.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured Kerr-nonlinear index of refraction n2 as a function of probe frequency detuning for (a) Ωc=2π×17 MHz and (b) Ωc=2π×72 MHz. Ωp=2π×11 MHz and Δc=0. Filled squares, three-level case; open circles, two-level case Ωc=0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured Kerr-nonlinear index of refraction n2 as a function of coupling power for (a) Δp=40 MHz and (b) Δp=7 MHz. Ωp=2π×11 MHz and Δc=0.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured Kerr-nonlinear index of refraction n2 as a function of coupling frequency detuning Δc for (a) Ωc=2π×17 MHz and (b) Ωc=2π×72 MHz. Ωp=2π×11 MHz and Δp=0.

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