Abstract

We have developed a diode-pumped Yb3+:Sr3YBO33 (Yb:BOYS) laser generating 69-fs pulses, at a central wavelength of 1062 nm. This laser is mode locked by use of a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror and emits 80 mW of average power at 113 MHz. This is, to our knowledge, the first mode-locked Yb:BOYS laser and the shortest duration obtained from an ytterbium laser with a crystalline host. The central wavelength can be tuned from 1051 to 1070 nm, for sub-100-fs pulses. We have also achieved an average power as high as 300 mW with pulse duration of 86 fs at 1068 nm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).
  2. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).
  3. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Lett. 25, 423 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 30–31.
  7. F. Brunner, G. J. Spühler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Mourier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleskov, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 25, 1119–1121 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.
  9. P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.
  10. S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2002

2001

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

Aka, G.

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Lett. 25, 423 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

Aka, G. P.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

Antic-Fidancev, E.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aron, A.

Aus der Au, J.

Balembois, F.

Betin, A. A.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Biswal, S.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Braun, A.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Bruesselbach, H.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Brun, A.

Brunner, F.

Bryen, R.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Chénais, S.

Courjaud, A.

Druon, F.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Graf, M.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Harder, C.

Harter, D.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haumesser, P. H.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

Hönninger, C.

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Lett. 25, 423 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johannsen, I.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Kahn-Harari, A.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

Keller, U.

F. Brunner, G. J. Spühler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Mourier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleskov, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 25, 1119–1121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

Kuleskov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lichtenstein, N.

Liu, H.

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 30–31.

Mangir, M. S.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Matthews, S.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Morier-Genoud, F.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Mougel, F.

Mourier-Genoud, F.

Mourou, G.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 30–31.

Nees, J.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 30–31.

Paschotta, R.

Reeder, R.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Salin, F.

Seeber, W.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Spühler, G. J.

Sucha, G.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Viana, B.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

Vivien, D.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Lett. 25, 423 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

Weiss, S.

Zhang, G.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

Appl. Phys. B

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 3 (1999).

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, Appl. Phys. B 65, 259 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World

D. S. Sumida, A. A. Betin, H. Bruesselbach, R. Bryen, S. Matthews, R. Reeder, and M. S. Mangir, Laser Focus World 35(6), 63 (1999).

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 30–31.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Yb3+ lasers based on Yb doped M3REBO33 where M=Ba, Sr and RE=Lu, Y, Sc,” patent pending.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. P. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 555–560.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission cross-section spectrum of Yb:BOYS compared with that of a typical Yb-doped glass, QX phosphate (Kigre, Inc.) and a borate crystal, Yb:GdCOB. Inset, emission and absorption cross spectra of Yb:BO5.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the femtosecond oscillator. Asterisks, values given for the radius of curvature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, autocorrelation, on a log scale, of 69-fs pulses (assuming a sech2 fit). b, spectral power density corresponding to the same pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunability of the Yb:BOYS femtosecond laser: a, pulse spectra; b, pulse duration measured experimentally with an autocorrelator and calculated by Fourier transform from the spectra, assuming no chirp in the phase; c, average power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Numerical Data on Typical Yb-Doped Materials Used in Femtosecond Oscillators

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