Abstract

We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the utility of coherent Rayleigh scattering (CRS) for temperature measurements in low-density gases and weakly ionized plasmas by measuring the translational temperature of neutral argon in a glow discharge. By analysis of the near-Gaussian spectral profile of the CRS signal, we determine temperatures with an uncertainty of 3%. We also investigate the intensity range over which this simple Gaussian analysis can be used for temperature measurements and discuss its potential for gas diagnostics.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Tunbridge Wells, UK, 1988).
  2. R. L. McKenzie, AIAA J. 31, 465 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Grinstead and P. F. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1222 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992), Chap. 8.
  7. P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1999).
  9. P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Hahn, C. W. Park, and S. N. Park, Appl. Opt. 36, 6722 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. B. Cummings, I. A. Leyva, and H. G. Hornung, Appl. Opt. 34, 3290 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. H. Grinstead and P. F. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1222 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Hahn, C. W. Park, and S. N. Park, Appl. Opt. 36, 6722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

R. L. McKenzie, AIAA J. 31, 465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aseyev, S.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barker, P. F.

J. H. Grinstead and P. F. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1222 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992), Chap. 8.

Buggele, A. E.

R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cummings, E. B.

Dietrich, P.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Tunbridge Wells, UK, 1988).

Ellert, C.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Forkey, J. N.

R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grinstead, J. H.

J. H. Grinstead and P. F. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1222 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, J. W.

Hankin, S.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerling, B.

A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, H. G.

Hubschmid, W.

A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lempert, W. R.

R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, I. A.

Lide, D. R.

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1999).

McKenzie, R. L.

R. L. McKenzie, AIAA J. 31, 465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, M.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miles, R. B.

R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. W.

Park, S. N.

Rayner, D.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reeder, M. F.

R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seasholtz, R. G.

R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stampanoni-Panariello, A.

A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D.

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

R. L. McKenzie, AIAA J. 31, 465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Stampanoni-Panariello, B. Hemmerling, and W. Hubschmid, Appl. Phys. B 67, 125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Faraday Discuss. (1)

P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, Faraday Discuss. 113, 47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. B. Miles, W. R. Lempert, and J. N. Forkey, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, R33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. F. Barker, J. H. Grinstead, and R. B. Miles, Opt. Commun. 168, 177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

R. G. Seasholtz, A. E. Buggele, and M. F. Reeder, Opt. Lasers Eng. 27, 543 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. H. Grinstead and P. F. Barker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1222 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992), Chap. 8.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Tunbridge Wells, UK, 1988).

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the coherent Rayleigh scattering experiment used to measure the temperature of an argon glow discharge: PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrally resolved CRS signal from an argon glow discharge at 5000 Pa and a current of 10 mA. The instrument function and a curve fitted to the data are also shown, as is the temperature calculated from the curve fit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral profile of CRS signal for argon (without discharge) at a pressure of 50 mbars. The instrument function and a curve of best fit to the data are also shown. The temperature shown was derived from the width of the fitted function as described in text; it was independently measured by a thermocouple to be 293.0±1 K.

Equations (3)

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I4α4L2δρ2I1I2I3,
ft+νfx+FMfν=0,
F=α2xE1+E22.

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