Abstract

The dynamic range, sensitivity, and dark decay of holographic recording of wavelength 458 nm in LiNbO3 crystals doped with 0.2-at. % Mn with different oxidation states have been measured. The measured sensitivity is 0.5 cm/J and is found to be independent of the oxidation state, and the largest M/# obtained is 12/mm (extraordinary light polarization; light wavelength, 458 nm). This combination of very large M/# and high sensitivity is in strong contrast with results for LiNbO3:Fe for which a direct trade-off exists between M/# and sensitivity. The activation energy of the dark decay of holograms stored in these LiNbO3:Mn crystals is 1.0 eV, which is characteristic of proton compensation and leads to a projected lifetime of holograms of three years at room temperature.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1994 (2)

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob’ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Arizmendi, L.

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barkan, I. B.

I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob’ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Breer, S.

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G.

Buse, K.

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cabrera, J. M.

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H. J.

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marennikov, S. I.

I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob’ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F.

Müller, M.

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Müller, R.

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nee, I.

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O’Conner, B.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Orlov, S.

Psaltis, D.

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Mok, G. Burr, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 21, 896 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Rakuljic, G. A.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Santos, M. T.

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G. T.

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, H.

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vorob’ev, A. V.

I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob’ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, and B. O’Conner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1079 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, I. Nee, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Breer, H. Vogt, I. Nee, and K. Buse, Electron. Lett. 34, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Nee, M. Müller, K. Buse, and E. Krätzig, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D (1)

R. Müller, M. T. Santos, L. Arizmendi, and J. M. Cabrera, J. Phys. D 27, 241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. B. Barkan, A. V. Vorob’ev, and S. I. Marennikov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 492 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, New York, 2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical recording and erasure curve for 1-mm-thick LiNbO3:0.2at.% Mn.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comb function of multiplexing 100 holograms in LiNbO3:0.2at.% Mn. The M/# calculated from this comb function is 5.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured sensitivity and M/# versus oxidation state in 1-mm-thick LiNbO3:0.2 at.% Mn.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Arrhenius plot of the dark decay time constants of nonfixed holograms stored in Mn-doped LiNbO3 (0.2-at. % Mn), and Fe-doped LiNbO3 (0.25-wt.% Fe2O3).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Oxidation States of the Mn-Doped LiNbO3

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